Table 1

Sample breakdown by stunting status and covariates

OverallStuntedNot stunted
Number of observations (% of total sample as column percentages)Number of observations (% stunted within row)Number of observations (% not stunted within row)Stunted and not stunted difference in covariate distribution: p value
Stunted65 522 (29.4%)
Not stunted157 168 (70.6%)
Child gender
 Male112 409 (50.5%)36 304 (32.3%)76 105 (67.7%)p<0.01
 Female110 281 (49.5%)29 218 (26.5)81 063 (73.5%)
Across gender: p<0.01
Age group
 Age 0–5 months52 916 (23.8%)9416 (17.8%)43 500 (82.2%)p<0.01
 Age 6–11 months58 070 (26.1%)12 991 (22.4%)45 079 (77.6%)
 Age 12–17 months58 908 (26.5%)20 290 (34.4%)38 618 (65.6%)
 Age 18–23 months52 796 (23.7%)22 825 (43.2%)29 971 (56.8%)
Across age: p<0.01
Place of residence
 Urban74 748 (33.6%)16 786 (22.5%)57 962 (77.5%)p<0.01
 Rural147 942 (66.4%)48 736 (33.0%)99 206 (67.1%)
Across residence: p<0.01
Wealth quintile
 Poorest54 684 (24.6%)18 361 (33.6%)36 323 (66.4%)p<0.01
 Poor48 262 (21.7%)14 997 (31.1%)33 265 (68.9%)
 Middle44 912 (20.2%)13 478 (30.0%)31 434 (70.0%)
 Rich40 743 (18.3%)11 101 (27.3%)29 642 (72.8%)
 Richest34 089 (15.3%)7585 (22.3%)26 504 (77.8%)
Across wealth: p<0.01
Highest education level in household
 No education22 771 (10.2%)8487 (37.3%)14 284 (62.7%)p<0.01
 Primary87 320 (39.2%)30 038 (34.4%)57 282 (65.6%)
 Secondary88 339 (39.7%)22 939 (26.0%)65 400 (74.0%)
 Higher24 260 (10.9%)4058 (16.7%)20 202 (83.3%)
Across education: p<0.01
 Total222 69065 522157 168