Table 1

Comparison of development in prevalence of leisure time walking, cycling and sports, and good general health between 2004–2008 and 2008–2011 in 24 deprived neighbourhoods that intervened in green space and four different selections of control areas

Trends (regression coefficient† (95% CI))
PreinterventionPostinterventionPostintervention vs Preintervention
Walking
 24 deprived neighbourhoods that intervened in green space−0.01 (−0.06 to 0.04)0.07 (−0.02 to 0.16)0.08 (−0.05 to 0.20)
 Rest of the Netherlands0.00 (−0.01 to 0.00)0.02 (0.01 to 0.03)*0.02 (0.00 to 0.04)*
 24 deprived neighbourhoods vs rest of the Netherlands0.06 (−0.07 to 0.18)
 Deprived control areas (wide definition) same municipality−0.00 (−0.03 to 0.03)0.05 (−0.00 to 0.09)0.05 (−0.02 to 0.12)
 24 deprived neighbourhoods vs control areas same municipality0.04 (−0.10 to 0.18)
 Similarly deprived areas (narrow definition)−0.01 (−0.05 to 0.02)0.05 (−0.01 to 0.11)0.06 (−0.03 to 0.15)
 24 deprived neighbourhoods vs similarly deprived control areas0.02 (−0.13 to 0.17)
 12 deprived neighbourhoods not intervening in green space−0.19 (−0.31 to −0.06)*0.26 (0.06 to 0.46)*0.44 (0.15 to 0.73)*
 24 deprived neighbourhoods vs 12 deprived neighbourhoods−0.36 (−0.67 to −0.05)*
Cycling
 24 deprived neighbourhoods that intervened in green space0.06 (0.01 to 0.11)*−0.03 (−0.11 to 0.06)−0.08 (−0.20 to 0.04)
 Rest of the Netherlands0.01 (−0.00 to 0.01)0.03 (0.01 to 0.04)*0.02 (0.00 to 0.04)*
 24 deprived neighbourhoods vs rest of the Netherlands−0.10 (−0.22 to 0.02)
 Deprived control areas (wide definition) same municipality0.03 (0.00 to 0.06)0.03 (−0.01 to 0.08)0.00 (−0.06 to 0.07)0
 24 deprived neighbourhoods vs control areas same municipality−0.09 (−0.23 to 0.05)
 Similarly deprived areas (narrow definition)0.02 (−0.02 to 0.06)0.04 (−0.02 to 0.10)0.02 (−0.07 to 0.10)
 24 deprived neighbourhoods vs similarly deprived control areas−0.11 (−0.26 to 0.04)
 12 deprived neighbourhoods not intervening in green space0.03 (−0.09 to 0.14)0.02 (−0.17 to 0.20)−0.01 (−0.28 to 0.26)
 24 deprived neighbourhoods vs 12 deprived neighbourhoods−0.11 (−0.40 to 0.18)
Sports
 24 deprived neighbourhoods that intervened in green space0.04 (−0.02 to 0.09)−0.07 (−0.16 to 0.02)−0.10 (−0.23 to 0.02)
 Rest of the Netherlands0.01 (−0.00 to 0.01)−0.01 (−0.02 to 0.01)−0.01 (−0.03 to 0.01)
 24 deprived neighbourhoods vs rest of the Netherlands−0.09 (−0.22 to 0.04)
 Deprived control areas (wide definition) same municipality0.00 (−0.03 to 0.03)−0.03 (−0.08 to 0.02)−0.03 (−0.10 to 0.04)
 24 deprived neighbourhoods vs control areas same municipality−0.06 (−0.21 to 0.08)
 Similarly deprived areas (narrow definition)−0.02 (−0.06 to 0.02)0.01 (−0.05 to 0.08)0.03 (−0.06 to 0.13)
 24 deprived neighbourhoods vs similarly deprived control areas−0.13 (−0.28 to 0.03)
 12 deprived neighbourhoods not intervening in green space0.00 (−0.12 to 0.12)−0.06 (−0.25 to 0.14)−0.06 (−0.34 to 0.23)
 24 deprived neighbourhoods vs 12 deprived neighbourhoods−0.04 (−0.35 to 0.27)
Good general health
 24 deprived neighbourhoods that intervened in green space0.04 (−0.01 to 0.09)−0.05 (−0.12 to 0.02)−0.09 (−0.20 to 0.01)
 Rest of the Netherlands0.01 (0.01 to 0.02)*−0.02 (−0.03 to −0.01)*−0.04 (−0.06 to −0.02)*
 24 deprived neighbourhoods vs rest of the Netherlands−0.05 (−0.16 to 0.05)
 Deprived control areas (wide definition) same municipality0.02 (−0.01 to 0.05)−0.04 (−0.08 to 0.00)−0.06 (−0.13 to 0.00)
 24 deprived neighbourhoods vs control areas same municipality−0.03 (−0.16 to 0.09)
 Similarly deprived areas (narrow definition)0.02 (−0.02 to 0.06)−0.05 (−0.11 to 0.01)−0.07 (−0.16 to 0.02)
 24 deprived neighbourhoods vs similarly deprived control areas−0.05 (−0.18 to 0.09)
 12 deprived neighbourhoods not intervening in green space0.07 (−0.03 to 0.17)−0.12 (−0.28 to 0.04)−0.19 (−0.43 to 0.05)
 24 deprived neighbourhoods vs 12 deprived neighbourhoods0.06 (−0.20 to 0.32)
  • *p≤0.05.

  • †Adjusted for age, sex, household composition, ethnicity, education and income.