Table 1

PHE syndromic surveillance systems and associated reporting statistics

Syndromic surveillance systemReporting statisticPopulation coverage
GPIHIn hours (week days, daytime) GP consultation rates per 100 000 population35 million (∼65% England pop)
GPOOHOut of hours and unscheduled care (weekends, evenings/nights, public holidays) GP consultations for syndrome as a percentage of total consultations∼70% coverage of GPOOH activity across England
EDSSSPercentage of ED attendances coded to indicator.35 EDs across England and Northern Ireland (18 used in this study)
  • EDSSS, emergency department syndromic surveillance system; GPIH, general practitioner in hours; GPOOH, general practitioner out of hours; PHE, Public Health England.