Table 1

Prevalence of childhood mortality at various levels of independent variables

VariablesUFMR (per 1000 live births)Total, N (%)Death, N (%)p Value
Individual-level factors129.831 482 (100)2886 (9.2)
Sex of the child
 Male139.815 965 (100)1578 (9.9)
 Female119.515 517 (100)1308 (8.4)<0.0001
Age of mothers in years
 15–24154.17614 (100)748 (9.8)
 25–34118.815 698 (100)1325 (8.4)
 35+131.58170 (100)813 (10.0)<0.0001
Educational levels of mother
 No formal education162.514 762 (100)1657 (11.2)
 Primary124.56432 (100)596 (9.3)
 Secondary87.28365 (100)547 (6.5)
 Higher56.71923 (100)86 (4.5)<0.0001
Mother's occupation
 Not working135.49099 (100)832 (9.2)
 Manual57.98977 (100)820 (9.1)
 White collar127.41149 (100)54 (4.7)
 Others134.112 257 (100)1175 (9.6)<0.0001
Wealth index
 Richest63.04942 (100)250 (5.1)
 Richer92.05806 (100)412 (7.1)
 Middle111.66272 (100)502 (8.0)
 Poorer178.17386 (100)887 (12.0)
 Poorest170.57076 (100)835 (11.8)<0.0001
Neighbourhood-level factorsN=896
Residence
 Rural151.721 131 (100)2220 (10.5)
 Urban87.510 351 (100)666 (6.4)<0.0001
Poverty rate
 Low89.715 763 (100)1049 (6.7)
 High169.215 719 (100)1837 (11.7)<0.0001
Illiteracy rate
 Low97.615 742 (100)1157 (7.4)
 High160.615 740 (100)1729 (11.0)<0.0001
Unemployment rate
 Low117.115 894 (100)1344 (8.5)
 High142.815 588 (100)1542 (9.9)<0.0001
State-level factorsN=37
Poverty rate
 Low97.116 267 (100)1179 (7.2)
 High163.712 215 (100)1707 (11.2)<0.0001
Illiteracy rate
 Low102.916 350 (100)1245 (7.6)
 High157.315 132 (100)1641 (10.8)<0.0001
Unemployment rate
 Low104.416 114 (100)1219 (7.6)
 High155.515 368 (100)1667 (10.8)<0.0001
  • %, Proportion (percentage); N, number of children; UFMR, under-five mortality rate.