Table 4

Associations between education and occupation with the quit ratio, per country

Time1987–19952002–2012
OR95% CIOR95% CI
Education–(high compared with low)*
 Austria†1.671.29 to 2.16
 Finland†1.581.17 to 2.12
 France1.140.93 to 1.391.130.83 to 1.52
 Germany1.681.44 to 1.961.611.32 to 1.96
 Ireland1.631.25 to 2.134.293.17 to 5.80
 Italy1.261.05 to 1.511.551.19 to 2.01
 The Netherlands1.711.43 to 2.051.441.09 to 1.91
 Portugal1.080.84 to 1.380.940.68 to 1.30
 Spain1.160.96 to 1.411.431.11 to 1.83
 Sweden†2.191.65 to 2.91
 UK2.311.90 to 1.803.472.69 to 4.48
Occupation–(non-manual compared to manual)‡
 Austria†1.581.23 to 2.04
 Finland†1.841.37 to 2.48
 France1.301.07 to 1.591.481.13 to 1.93
 Germany1.521.30 to 1.771.521.24 to 1.86
 Ireland1.541.24 to 1.921.951.50 to 2.55
 Italy1.190.95 to 1.501.160.86 to 1.57
 The Netherlands1.331.05 to 1.671.270.89 to 1.81
 Portugal1.110.88 to 1.411.140.83 to 1.56
 Spain1.260.99 to 1.591.140.87 to 1.48
 Sweden†1.531.09 to 2.15
 UK1.581.34 to 1.871.991.55 to 2.55
  • Education and occupation were modelled separately. All models are adjusted for age and sex.

  • Significant results (p<0.05) are highlighted in bold.

  • *Education=age in years when finished/stopped full-time education: low (reference)≤15 years and high≥20 years.

  • †The analyses for Austria, Finland and Sweden were not performed for 1987–1995, as data for these countries were only available from 1995 onwards.

  • ‡Occupation=occupational classes: manual (reference) and non-manual.