Table 1

Description of study population (N=1384)

MenWomenp Value
(N %)(N %)
Mean age (SD)43.3 (7.4)42.3 (6.2)0.007
Age (years)
 <40158 (27.8)245 (29.7)<0.001
 40–49295 (51.9)503 (60.9)
 ≥50115 (20.3)78 (9.4)
Body mass index (kg/m2)
 <25202 (35.6)475 (57.8)<0.001
 25–29.9269 (47.4)236 (28.7)
 ≥3096 (16.9)111 (13.5)
Sedentary behaviours
 No510 (89.8)681 (82.8)<0.001
 Yes58 (10.2)142 (17.3)
Education
 Less than college72 (12.7)266 (32.2)<0.001
 College170 (29.9)260 (31.5)
 University326 (57.4)300 (36.3)
Occupation<0.001
 Office worker73 (12.9)291 (35.2)
 Technician123 (21.7)246 (29.8)
 Professional340 (59.9)261 (31.6)
 Manager32 (5.6)28 (3.4)
Family history of CVD
 No395 (71.2)526 (66.0)0.0446
 Yes160 (28.8)271 (34.0)
Alcohol intake (drinks)
 <1/week164 (28.9)296 (35.9)0.056
 1–5/week222 (39.1)373 (45.2)
 ≥6/week182 (32.0)156 (18.9)
Smoking status
 No510 (90.0)707 (85.6)0.0163
 Yes57 (10.0)119 (14.4)
Mean systolic ABP (SD)128.8 (9.8)121.2 (10.1)<0.001
Mean diastolic ABP (SD)81.9 (7.3)78.1 (7.3)<0.001
  • ABP, ambulatory blood pressure; CVD, cardiovascular diseases.