Table 3

Hypertension cumulative incidence over 5 years according repeated job strain and ERI exposure

MenWomen
NCIR95% CINCIR95% CI
Job strain
High strain
 Never exposed (ref)2301.004021.00
 Intermittent exposure221.290.76 to 2.21661.450.86 to 2.42
 Exposure cessation370.820.46 to 1.49840.680.36 to 1.32
 Exposure onset340.800.41 to 1.57661.520.96 to 2.40
 Chronic exposure220.900.43 to 1.88361.150.52 to 2.56
Active
 Never exposed (ref)1811.003911.00
 Intermittent exposure331.140.64 to 2.02480.580.25 to 1.34
 Exposure cessation431.260.75 to 2.10770.850.49 to 1.48
 Exposure onset421.280.76 to 2.15811.140.73 to 1.77
 Chronic exposure462.05*1.36 to 3.09570.860.46 to 1.61
Passive
 Never exposed (ref)1971.002431.00
 Intermittent exposure300.870.49 to 1.54690.960.54 to 1.72
 Exposure cessation410.530.27 to 1.041041.020.64 to 1.64
 Exposure onset351.040.65 to 1.67960.610.33 to 1.14
 Chronic exposure420.590.31 to 1.141420.930.60 to 1.46
ERI
 Never exposed (ref)1861.003651.00
 Intermittent exposure351.330.79 to 2.22611.410.83 to 2.39
 Exposure cessation490.870.50 to 1.49931.000.58 to 1.73
 Exposure onset471.430.93 to 2.20861.380.87 to 2.18
 Chronic exposure281.180.68 to 2.04491.410.79 to 2.52
  • Adjusted for age, education, occupation, family history of CVD, medication for hypertension, smoking, BMI, sedentary behaviour and alcohol intake.

  • *p<0.05.

  • BMI, body mass index; CIR, cumulative incidence ratio; CVD, cardiovascular diseases; ERI, effort–reward imbalance.