Table 2

Descriptive characteristics of included participants of the ESTHER study with coronary heart disease at the 8-year follow-up (2008–2010) (N=1280)

 FemaleMaleTotalMissing
Freq. (col %)Freq. (% of N)
Individual-level characteristics
Age group
 55–6433 (6.9)132 (16.5)165 (12.9)
 65–74241 (50.4)386 (48.1)627 (49)
 75–84204 (42.7)284 (35.4)488 (38.1)
 N (%)478 (100)802 (100)1280 (100)0 (0)
Highest educational attainment*
 Level I (lowest)402 (84.1)591 (73.7)993 (77.6)
 Level II56 (11.7)84 (10.5)140 (10.9)
 Level III (highest)20 (4.2)127 (15.8)147 (11.5)
 N (%)478 (100)802 (100)1280 (100)0 (0)
Immigration background
 Yes45 (9.5)60 (7.5)105 (8.2)
 N (%)475 (100)798 (100)1273 (100)7 (0.5)
Lifetime prevalence of physician-reported CHD defining morbidities/index diseases
Myocardial infarction
 Yes118 (26.3)346 (44.1)464 (37.6)
 N (%)448 (100)785 (100)1233 (100)42 (3.3)
Angina pectoris
 Yes459 (96)745 (93.2)1204 (94.3)
 N (%)478 (100)799 (100)1277 (100)3 (0.2)
Comorbidities and behavioural risk factors
CIRS-G—severity index
 M (SD)1.60 (0.43)1.61 (0.45)1.61 (0.44)
 N3946631057223 (17.4)
Hypercholesterolaemia
 Yes322 (73.7)509 (67.2)831 (69.5)
 N (%)437 (100)758 (100)1195 (100)85 (6.6)
Smoking status
 Never smoker270 (72.2)217 (32)487 (46.3)
 Former smoker74 (19.8)406 (59.9)480 (45.6)
 Current smoker30 (8)55 (8.1)85 (8.1)
 N (%)374 (100)678 (100)1052 (100)228 (17.8)
Alcohol consumption in g/day according to the WHO drinking categories‡
 Abstainers172 (53.9)152 (24.7)324 (34.7)
 DI135 (42.3)430 (69.8)565 (60.4)
 DII11 (3.4)23 (3.7)34 (3.6)
 DIII1 (0.3)11 (1.8)12 (1.3)
 N (%)319 (100)616 (100)935 (100)283 (22.1)
Body mass index
 BMI<25 (underweight–normal)125 (27.4)151 (19.3)276 (22.3)
 BMI 25.00–29.99 (overweight/pre-obese)191 (41.8)401 (51.3)592 (47.8)
 BMI 30.00–39.99 (obese class I+II)132 (28.9)212 (27.1)344 (27.8)
 BMI ≥40 (obese class III)9 (2)18 (2.3)27 (2.2)
 N (%)457 (100)782 (100)1239 (100)41 (3.2)
Chronic care services utilisation (physician-reported)
Enrolment in DMP-CHD
 No372 (77.8)521 (65)893 (69.8)
 Yes106 (22.2)281 (35)387 (30.2)
 N (%)478 (100)802 (100)1280 (100)0 (0)
Duration of enrolment in DMP-CHD
 Low (0.5–3 years)61 (64.2)154 (60.4)215 (61.4)
 High (4–7 years)34 (35.8)101 (39.6)135 (38.6)
 N (%)95 (100)255 (100)350 (100)37 (9.6)
Social situation
Living in a partnership
 Yes178 (51.7)528 (85.3)706 (73.3)
 N (%)344 (100)619 (100)963 (100)317 (24.8)
Social contacts (family members/friends whom participants can count on/discuss problems with)
 0–148 (14.2)93 (14.7)141 (14.5)
 2–4184 (54.4)331 (52.2)515 (53)
 5–10 and more106 (31.4)210 (33.1)316 (32.5)
 N (%)338 (100)634 (100)972 (100)308 (24.1)
Current economic activity
 Full-time employment3 (0.8)32 (4.8)35 (3.4)
 Minor/occasional employment4 (1.1)4 (0.6)8 (0.8)
 Part-time employment5 (1.4)5 (0.7)10 (1)
 Housewife/domestic activity129 (35.4)4 (0.6)133 (12.8)
 Retired222 (61)620 (92.1)842 (81.2)
 Unemployed1 (0.3)8 (1.2)9 (0.9)
 N (%)364 (100)673 (100)1037 (100)243 (19.0)
Practice-level characteristics
Gender of primary care physician
 Male332 (73.6)588 (76.9)920 (75.7)
 Female119 (26.4)177 (23.1)296 (24.3)
 N (%)451 (100)765 (100)1216 (100)64 (5.0)
Area characteristics
Regional deprivation of patients’ residential areas (GIMD)
 T1 (least deprived)57 (12)120 (15.2)177 (14)
 T2178 (37.5)306 (38.7)484 (38.2)
 T3 (most deprived)240 (50.5)365 (46.1)605 (47.8)
 N (%)475 (100)791 (100)1266 (100)14 (1.1)
Degree of urbanisation
 Rural99 (20.8)175 (22.1)274 (21.6)
 Urban cluster288 (60.6)487 (61.6)775 (61.2)
 High-density cluster88 (18.5)129 (16.3)217 (17.1)
 N (%)475 (100)791 (100)1266 (100)14 (1.1)
  • All data refer to the 8-year follow-up phase (t3: 2008–2010) if not otherwise stated.

  • *Highest educational attainment: Level I: no degree or minimum of 9 years of education qualifying for professional training (Hauptschule). Level II: minimum of 10–11 years of education qualifying for professional training (Realschule/Mittlere Reife). Level III: minimum of 12–13 years of education qualifying for university entrance (Fachhochschulreife/Abitur).

  • ‡Alcohol consumption in g/day: DI: female: 0–19.99; male: 0–39.99. DII: female: 20–39.99; male: 40–59.99. DIII: female: >40.0; male: >60.0. T1-T3: Tertiles of the German Index of Multiple Deprivation (GIMD).

  • Col%, column percent; Freq., absolute frequency; M, arithmetic Mean.