Table 2

Risk of poor growth, cognitive development and psychosocial outcomes among children of women with probable rCMD (SRQ20 ≥8) at child aged 1 year

Ethiopia (n=1885)India (n=1930)Peru (n=1946)Vietnam (n=1961)
RR (95% CI)aRR (95% CI)RR (95% CI)aRR (95% CI)RR (95% CI)aRR (95% CI)RR (95% CI)aRR (95% CI)
In yearsstunting†
Age 10.93 (0.83–1.05)0.91 (0.81 to 1.02)1.37* (1.19 to 1.57)1.18* (1.03 to 1.35)1.24* (1.07 to 1.44)1.06 (0.93 to 1.22)0.93 (0.83 to 1.05)0.91 (0.81 to 1.02)
Age 50.97 (0.84 to 1.12)0.94 (0.82 to 1.09)1.22* (1.08 to 1.38)1.07 (0.95 to 1.22)1.08 (0.94 to 1.23)0.96 (0.85 to 1.09)1.20* (1.01 to 1.43)1.12 (0.95 to 1.33)
Age 81.02 (0.85 to 1.23)1.02 (0.85 to 1.22)1.32* (1.15 to 1.52)1.16* (1.01 to 1.33)1.24* (1.04 to 1.48)1.09 (0.92 to 1.29)1.28* (1.05 to 1.57)1.20 (0.99 to 1.45)
Underweight†
Age 11.03 (0.90 to 1.19)1.01 (0.89 to 1.15)1.25* (1.10 to 1.43)1.11 (0.97 to 1.26)1.05 (0.74 to 1.49)0.85 (0.60 to 1.19)1.44* (1.14 to 1.82)1.29* (1.03 to 1.62)
Age 50.97 (0.82 to 1.15)0.95 (0.80 to 1.12)1.28* (1.15 to 1.41)1.16* (1.05 to 1.29)1.21 (0.82 to 1.78)0.99 (0.67 to 1.46)1.27* (1.02 to 1.58)1.19 (0.96 to 1.48)
Age 80.96 (0.84 to 1.10)0.96 (0.84 to 1.09)1.31* (1.19 to 1.44)1.18* (1.07 to 1.30)1.24 (0.85 to 1.80)1.07 (0.74 to 1.57)1.30* (1.09 to 1.55)1.22* (1.03 to 1.45)
PPVT§
Age 50.94 (0.79 to 1.13)0.91 (0.77 to 1.08)1.1 (0.91 to 1.33)0.93 (0.77 to 1.11)1.14 (0.95 to 1.37)1.01 (0.86 to 1.19)1.23 (1.00 to 1.52)1.23* (1.01 to 1.49)
Age 81.04 (0.86 to 1.26)1.07 (0.90 to 1.28)1.40* (1.17 to 1.68)1.25* (1.05 to 1.49)1.05 (0.86 to 1.27)0.93 (0.78 to 1.10)1.11 (0.90 to 1.37)1.05 (0.86 to 1.27)
Pride (Age 8)1.09 (0.91 to 1.31)1.08 (0.90 to 1.30)1.14 (0.98 to 1.32)1.02 (0.88 to 1.19)1.11 (0.96 to 1.29)1.04 (0.90 to 1.21)1.24* (1.01 to 1.53)1.21 (0.98 to 1.49)
Life Satisfaction (Age 8)1.19* (1.05 to 1.36)1.18* (1.04 to 1.34)1.26* (1.07 to 1.48)1.13 (0.96 to 1.33)1.13 (0.96 to 1.32)1.05 (0.90 to 1.23)1.16 (0.98 to 1.39)1.12 (0.94 to 1.32)
  • *p<0.05.

  • †Height-for-age z-scores ≥2.

  • †Weight-for-age z-scores ≥2.

  • §Bottom 20th centile.

  • aRR, risk ratios adjusted for maternal schooling, sex of child and age in months of child, wealth index when outcome was measured and language of examination (in the case of PPVT only).

  • aRR, adjusted RR; PPVT, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; SRQ, Self-Reporting Questionnaire; rCMD, risk of maternal common mental disorders; RR, unadjusted risk ratios.