Table 2

Hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) for the relation of self-reported passive smoking with cause-specific mortality risk among non-smoking men and women: the UK Health and Lifestyle Survey 2 (N=2523)

All-cause mortalityCardiovascular disease mortalityAll cancer mortality
Number of deaths/number at riskAge-adjustedFully adjusted*Number of deaths/number at riskAge-adjustedFully adjusted*Number of deaths/number at riskAge-adjustedFully adjusted*
Men (N=1090)
 Non-passive smokers247/9111 (ref)198/9111159/91111
 Passive smokers53/1791.62 (1.20 to 2.19)1.53 (1.12 to 2.08)26/1792.03 (1.31 to 3.15)1.88 (1.20 to 2.96)13/1791.58 (0.86 to 2.90)1.58 (0.85 to 2.93)
 p Value for difference0.0020.0070.0020.0060.1430.150
Women (N=1433)
 Non-passive smokers255/115711110/11571166/115711
 Passive smokers33/2760.99 (0.68 to 1.43)0.96 (0.66 to 1.39)19/2761.58 (0.96 to 2.60)1.55 (0.94 to 2.56)8/2760.72 (0.34 to 1.51)0.72 (0.34 to 1.51)
 p Value for difference0.9390.8370.0720.0850.3850.381
  • *Full adjustment is adjustment for baseline age, socioeconomic position, alcohol intake, physical activity and a history of heart disease, cancer or diabetes.