Table 2

Latent Growth Curve models of mental health, self-rated health and life satisfaction in NDC and comparator areas based on 11 648 residents

 Mental health†Self-rated health‡Life satisfaction§
Model 1Model 2Model 1Model 2Model 1Model 2
CoefSECoefSECoefSECoefSECoefSECoefSE
Factors affecting outcomes in 2002: baseline (intercept) regression coefficients
 Comparator0.02¶(0.01)0.01(0.01)0.03*(0.01)0.01(0.01)0.05***(0.02)0.04*(0.02)
 Female−0.18***(0.01)−0.17***(0.01)−0.03*(0.01)−0.02(0.01)0.04*(0.02)0.05**(0.02)
 Age0.02(0.02)0.10***(0.02)−0.37***(0.01)−0.27***(0.02)−0.01(0.02)0.03¶(0.02)
 Non-white0.06***(0.02)0.05***(0.01)0.02(0.01)0.01(0.01)−0.05**(0.02)−0.05***(0.02)
 Cohabits0.11***(0.01)0.05***(0.01)0.08***(0.01)0.00(0.01)0.11***(0.02)0.05**(0.02)
 Dependent children−0.06***(0.02)−0.04*(0.02)−0.02(0.02)−0.01(0.02)−0.14***(0.02)−0.11***(0.02)
 NVQ 1 or below−0.08***(0.02)−0.09***(0.02)0.02(0.02)
 NVQ 2–3−0.02(0.02)−0.05**(0.02)0.01(0.02)
 Jobless household−0.17***(0.02)−0.21***(0.02)−0.11***(0.02)
 Rents−0.09***(0.02)−0.10***(0.01)−0.13***(0.02)
Factors affecting changes in the outcome over time: slope regression coefficients
 Comparator−0.04(0.03)−0.04(0.03)−0.01(0.03)−0.02(0.04)0.01(0.04)0.01(0.04)
 Female0.13***(0.03)0.12***(0.03)0.01(0.04)0.01(0.040.02(0.04)0.02(0.04)
 Age−0.03(0.04)−0.06(0.04)−0.08+(0.05)−0.10*(0.05)0.01(0.04)0(0.05)
 Non-white−0.02(0.03)−0.02(0.03)−0.06(0.04)−0.07+(0.04)0.05(0.04)0.05(0.04)
 Cohabits−0.07*(0.03)−0.05(0.03)−0.00(0.03)0.02(0.04)−0.02(0.04)−0.02(0.04)
 Dependent children−0.03(0.04)−0.04(0.04)−0.01(0.04)−0.01(0.04)0.10*(0.04)0.10*(0.04)
 NVQ 1 or below−0.03(0.05)−0.07(0.06)−0.10+(0.06)
 NVQ 2–3−0.06(0.05)−0.02(0.05)−0.07(0.06)
 Jobless household0.06+(0.04)0.12**(0.04)0.01(0.04)
 Rents0.01(0.04)0.04(0.04)0.03(0.04)
Parameters of the growth curve
 Intercept mean0.06(0.06)0.24***(0.06)0$††0000000
 Slope mean0.07(0.13)0.15(0.16)0.20(0.17)0.27(0.19)0.06(0.17)0.26(0.20)
 Intercept variance0.94***(0.01)0.89***(0.01)0.86***(0.01)0.80***(0.01)0.97***(0.01)0.93***(0.01)
 Slope variance0.97***(0.01)0.97***(0.01)0.99***(0.01)0.98***(0.01)0.99***(0.01)0.98***(0.01)
 Intercept–slope Covariance−0.34***(0.04)−0.35***(0.04)−0.41***(0.04)−0.42***(0.04)−0.22***(0.03)−0.23***(0.03)
  • †Predicted scores from a Latent trait model of five items mental health SF-36 questionnaire.

  • ‡Three category self-rated health.

  • §Five category single item life satisfaction Likert scale.

  • ¶Significant at p 0.1; *at p<0.05; **at p<0.01; ***at p<0.001.

  • $††Parameter constrained to 0.

  • Coef, standardised slope and intercept regression coefficients; NDC, New Deal for Communities; NVQ, National Vocational Qualification.