Table 3

Effects of job loss and substantial household income reduction on 3-year total incidence of any mental, any mood and any anxiety disorders

 3-year incident mental disorder (n=2825)3-year mood disorder (n=3175)3-year anxiety disorder (n=3041)3-year substance use disorder (n=3211)
Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Job loss2.37 (1.27 to 4.43)1.51 (0.83 to 2.73)2.98 (1.68 to 5.29)2.02 (1.13 to 3.60)2.39 (1.05 to 5.42)1.44 (0.72 to 2.86)1.22 (0.56 to 2.66)1.08 (0.36 to 3.22)
Household income reduction1.24 (0.80 to 1.92)1.77 (1.09 to 2.87)1.84 (1.19 to 2.86)2.24 (1.49 to 3.36)1.08 (0.56 to 2.04)1.63 (0.94 to 2.82)1.08 (0.58 to 1.76)1.46 (0.73 to 2.91)
Covariates (all measured at baseline)
 Age0.96 (0.94 to 0.97)0.97 (0.95 to 0.99)0.97 (0.95 to 0.99)0.94 (0.92 to 0.97)
 Gender (female)1.26 (0.94 to 1.68)1.32 (0.80 to 2.02)2.43 (1.52 to 3.90)0.34 (0.21 to 0.57)
Education
 Primary-basic vocational3.55 (1.75 to 7.18)1.98 (0.61 to 6.48)2.09 (0.68 to 6.41)5.38 (2.05 to 14.12)
 Lower secondary1.74 (1.13 to 2.70)1.77 (1.03 to 3.04)1.71 (0.89 to 3.29)1.73 (1.02 to 2.94)
 Higher secondary1.33 (0.96 to 1.86)1.68 (1.11 to 2.54)1.26 (0.74 to 2.14)0.87 (0.50 to 1.53)
Higher professional-university1111
Household income (low)0.88 (0.64 to 1.21)0.93 (0.60 to 1.46)0.91 (0.56 to 1.47)1.08 (0.57 to 2.05)
Partner status (no partner)1.74 (1.13 to 2.70)1.15 (0.68 to 1.95)1.37 (0.79 to 2.38)2.30 (1.23 to 4.29)
Previous mental disorder (presence)*2.04 (1.52 to 2.74)3.73 (2.40 to 5.80)3.20 (2.09 to 4.90)2.29 (1.34 to 3.93)
Physical condition (presence)1.53 (1.13 to 2.07)1.40 (0.97 to 2.02)1.48 (0.96 to 2.27)1.40 (0.79 to 2.49)
Time between waves1.32 (0.59 to 2.97)0.95 (0.37 to 2.40)1.41 (0.59 to 3.40)1.33 (0.51 to 3.46)0.79 (0.20 to 3.09)0.56 (0.12 to 2.56)2.01 (0.65 to 6.23)1.90 (0.50 to 7.20)
  • The NEMESIS-2 follow-up study (2007/2009–2010/2012).

  • *Previous mental disorder: when any incident mental disorder was the outcome, a previous mental disorder included any mood, anxiety or substance use disorder. For each category of disorder, a previous mental disorder corresponded to each category (eg, 3-year incident mood disorder was adjusted by having a mood disorder previous baseline).

  • Bold indicates statistically significant <0.05.