Table 1

Sample characteristics of workers at baseline. The NEMESIS-2 follow-up study (2007/2009–2010/2012)

Socio-demographic characteristics (at baseline)Total (n=3676)
% (SE)
Men (n=1832)
% (SE)
Women (n=1844)
% (SE)
Design-based
F test (p value)
Age mean (SE)40.1 (0.3)40.6 (0.4)39.6 (0.4)4.00 (0.05)
18–2919.8 (1.1)18.3 (1.4)21.7 (1.4)
30–4957.4 (0.9)57.1 (1.2)57.6 (1.3)
50–6422.9 (0.8)24.6 (1.1)20.7 (1.1)3.95 (0.02)
Education
 Primary-basic vocational4.7 (0.6)4.4 (0.7)5.0 (1.0)
 Lower secondary19.6 (1.1)20.4 (1.5)18.5 (1.3)
 Higher secondary42.4 (1.6)41.9 (2.0)43.0 (1.8)
 Higher professional-University33.4 (2.1)33.3 (2.4)33.5 (2.2)0.50 (0.66)
Household income (low)*55.9 (1.3)55.3 (1.8)56.8 (1.5)0.51 (0.47)
Partner status (no partner)29.2 (1.4)29.1 (1.7)29.3 (1.7)0.01 (0.91)
Previous mental disorder (presence)†41.1 (1.2)40.7 (1.6)41.4 (1.4)0.12 (0.72)
Physical condition (presence)29.3 (0.9)24.2 (1.2)35.8 (1.2)45.72 (<0.001)
Socioeconomic worsening (at follow-up)
 Job loss6.2 (0.6)4.1 (0.6)8.7 (1.1)14.47 (<0.001)
 Household income reduction11.0 (0.7)10.5 (0.9)11.6 (1.0)0.80 (0.37)
  • *Net household income per month at baseline was based on n=3357 (289; 7.9% missing values). The median of the income distribution was used to dichotomise low vs high (≤2.900 € per month).

  • †Previous mental disorder: having any lifetime mood, anxiety or substance use disorder.

  • Bold indicates statistically significant <0.05.