Table 1

Emerging technologies to measure multiple environmental/non-genetic variables

Measurement platform typeNumber of variablesExample references
Metabolomics (small molecules)10–1000s1 2 4 5
Transcriptomics/proteomics (mRNA/protein)30–50 0003 6
Nutrient questionnaires100s7
Automated dietary intake sensors100s8
Physical activity/behaviour sensors (iPhone/smart devices)10–100s9 10