Table 3

Partial LE and scenario partial LE among those with a high and low (panel a) or medium (panel b) level of education; 50–79-year-old men and women in five European countries

Education 
HighLow / MediumDifferences in life expectancy between educational groups
(1) Life expectancy(2) Life expectancy(3) Scenario* life expectancy(4) observed [(1)–(2)](5) with scenario [(3)–(2)](6) % change [(5)/(4)]
Panel a
Men
 Denmark26.0223.5824.192.440.6125.0
 Austria26.3323.6923.802.640.114.2
 France26.9124.1224.212.790.093.2
 Italy26.9825.4625.671.520.2113.8
 Spain26.2824.9124.981.370.075.1
Women
 Denmark27.2425.5726.251.670.6840.7
 Austria27.7026.7626.940.940.1819.1
 France28.3127.5027.630.810.1316.0
 Italy27.9127.5827.630.330.0515.2
 Spain28.2727.8627.980.410.1229.3
Panel b
Men
 Denmark26.0224.6224.911.400.2920.7
 Austria26.3324.6624.721.670.063.6
 France26.9125.3625.421.550.063.9
 Italy26.9826.4626.620.520.1630.8
 Spain26.2825.6925.800.590.1118.6
Women
 Denmark27.2426.5326.820.710.2940.8
 Austria27.7027.3027.370.400.0717.5
 France28.3127.9528.030.360.0822.2
 Italy27.9127.7727.800.140.0321.4
 Spain28.2728.0328.120.240.0937.5
  • *Scenario life expectancy assumes that the exposure to risk factors (obesity, inactivity and smoking) would be reduced to the level seen among those with a high education in case they had a more optimal risk factor prevalence.

  • LE, life expectancy.