Table 1

Characteristics of those living with others and aged 35–74 in 2001 by care provision status

No careLight careHeavy careTotal
Mean age (SD)50.7(10.9)52.0(9.4)53.7(10.7)51.0(10.7)
Sex (col. %)
 Male74947(51.0)9751(44.8)3744(38.9)88442(49.6)
 Female72017(49.0)12033(55.2)5876(61.1)89926(50.4)
LLTI (col. %)
 No LLTI119238(81.1)17638(81.0)6530(67.9)143406(80.4)
 LLTI27726(18.9)4146(19.0)3090(32.1)34962(19.6)
Self-reported health (col. %)
 Good93883(63.9)13472(61.8)4257(44.3)111612(62.6)
 Fair37980(25.8)6609(30.3)3601(37.4)48190(27.0)
 Not good15101(10.3)1703(7.8)1762(18.3)18566(10.4)
Marital status (col. %)
 Married118256(80.5)18500(84.9)7735(80.4)144491(81.0)
 Never married10453(7.1)1210(5.6)860(8.9)12523(7.0)
 Divorced/separated15162(10.3)1795(8.2)788(8.2)17745(9.9)
 Widowed3093(2.1)279(1.3)237(2.5)3609(2.0)
Housing tenure (col. %)
 Owner123507(84.0)19645(90.2)6902(71.7)150054(84.1)
 Tenant21009(14.3)1893(8.7)2535(26.4)25437(14.3)
 Other2448(1.7)246(1.1)183(1.9)2877(1.6)
Ethnicity (col. %)
 White135741(92.4)20730(95.2)8779(91.3)165250(92.6)
 Asian/Asian British7174(4.9)740(3.4)639(6.6)8553(4.8)
 Black/Black British2082(1.4)158(0.7)112(1.2)2352(1.3)
 Other1967(1.3)156(0.7)90(0.9)2213(1.2)
Ward-level deprivation (col. %)
 Most deprived quintile33288(22.7)3939(18.1)3452(35.9)40679(22.8)
 2nd quintile27790(18.9)3970(18.2)2027(21.1)33787(18.9)
 3rd quintile32126(21.9)5103(23.4)1886(19.6)39115(21.9)
 4th quintile35009(23.8)5747(26.4)1604(16.7)42360(23.7)
 Least deprived quintile18751(12.8)3025(13.9)651(6.8)22427(12.6)
Highest qualification (col. %)
 No qualifications50913(34.6)5670(26.0)4758(49.5)61341(34.4)
 GCSE or equivalent46721(31.8)7591(34.8)2460(25.6)56772(31.8)
 A-levels, degree or equivalent35924(24.4)6170(28.3)1416(14.7)43510(24.4)
 Other qualification13406(9.1)2353(10.8)986(10.2)16745(9.4)
Employment activity (col. %)
 Not working50589(34.4)6984(32.1)6127(63.7)63700(35.7)
 Part-time work25181(17.1)4905(22.5)1242(12.9)31328(17.6)
 Full-time work71194(48.4)9895(45.4)2251(23.4)83340(46.7)
 Household health (col. %)
No one with ‘not good’ health134613(91.6)18300(84.0)3843(39.9)156756(87.9)
 1+ members health is ‘not good’12351(8.4)3484(16.0)5777(60.1) 21612(12.1)
 Household LLTI (col. %)
 No one with an LLTI120033(81.7)15059(69.1)1333(13.9)136425(76.5)
 1+ members with an LLTI26931(18.3)6725(30.9)8287(86.1) 41943(23.5)
Status at end of 2009 (col. %)
 Dead8658(5.9)892(4.1)721(7.5)10271(5.8)
 Alive137269(93.4)20784(95.4)8850(92.0)166903(93.6)
 Emigrated*1037(0.7)108(0.5)49(0.5)1194(0.7)
  • Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS) Longitudinal Study of England and Wales.

  • *LS members can leave by dying or by deregistering from the National Health Service on leaving the country (embarkation). It is believed that only 50% of embarkations are reported to the National Health Service Central Register. In the survival analyses presented here, all individuals with >0 embarkations were excluded at the point of exit.

  • GCSE, General Certificate of Education; LLTI, limiting long-term illness.