Table 3

Multilevel models for depression: São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey, 2005–2007

VariablesNull modelModel 1Model 2Model 3
OR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CI
Sex
 Women1.001.001.00
 Men0.42(0.33 to 0.54)0.44(0.34 to 0.56)0.44(0.34 to 0.56)
Age
 18–391.001.001.00
 40–591.00(0.80 to 1.26)1.02(0.78 to 1.33)1.00(0.77 to 1.30)
 60+0.38(0.25 to 0.57)0.36(0.23 to 0.58)0.35(0.22 to 0.56)
Income
 Low1.001.00
 Medium0.97(0.75 to 1.26)0.95(0.72 to 1.26)
 High0.96(0.72 to 1.28)0.94(0.69 to 1.27)
Education
 Basic1.001.00
 High school1.04(0.79 to 1.36)1.03(0.79 to 1.34)
 College1.04(0.72 to 1.49)0.99(0.70 to 1.39)
Marital status
 Single (never married)1.001.00
 Divorced/widowed1.24(0.89 to 1.74)1.26(0.90 to 1.76)
 Married0.89(0.68 to 1.16)0.90(0.69 to 1.17)
Income inequality
 Low1.00
 Medium1.76(1.21 to 2.55)
 High1.53(1.07 to 2.19)
Area-level variance (SD)0.04(0.03)0.04(0.03)0.05(0.04)0.03(0.03)
ICC0.010.010.010.01
DIC2370.792296.432302.842297.47
  • DIC, deviance information criterion; ICC, intraclass correlation coefficient.