Table 1

Descriptive characteristics for the complete sample and individuals diagnosed with any mental disorder, depression and anxiety: São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey, 2005–2007

VariablesWithout mental disordersAny mental disorderDepressionAnxietyTotal
NPer centNPer centNPer centNPer centNPer cent
Total258472.9595827.0537010.4554115.273542100.00
Sex
 Women135668.3862731.6227113.6737418.86198355.99
 Men122878.77*33121.23*996.35*16710.71*155944.01
Age
 18–39104671.4041928.6016911.5420714.13146541.36
 40–59106671.1143328.8917311.5426317.55*149942.32
 60+47281.66*10618.34*284.84*7112.2857816.32
Income†
 Low (US$1851)84070.8334629.1713111.0518515.60118633.48
 Medium (US$5045)85772.8731927.1312110.2918916.07117633.20
 High (US$20040)88775.17*29324.83*11810.0016714.15118033.32
Education
 Basic139272.9651627.041909.9630515.99190853.87
 High school80773.1029726.9012110.9615313.86110431.17
 College38572.6414527.365911.138315.6653014.96
Marital status
 Single (never married)74071.2929828.7111711.2714213.68103829.31
 Divorced/widowed45467.7621632.248512.6912819.11*67018.92
 Married139075.79*44424.21*1689.1627114.78183451.78
Income inequality‡
 Low (0.18)54075.9517124.05537.459913.9271120.07
 Medium (0.23)83171.52*33128.49*13811.88*19616.87116232.81
 High (0.34)121372.6845627.3217910.73*24614.74166947.12
  • *p<0.05 (in relation to the first category of the variable).

  • †Values in brackets refer to average income (in US$).

  • ‡Values in brackets refer to average Gini coefficient.