Table 1

Demographic characteristics of the study population for the entire sample stratified by poverty status*

VariableStudy sample (N=44 282)Low poverty (N=19 160)High poverty (N=25 122)
BMI†Mean=26.6, SD=5.54Mean=26.0, SD=5.15Mean=27.1, SD=5.8
Gender
 Male41.55%44.3%39.5%
 Female58.45%55.7%60.5%
Age (years)‡
 18–248.5%6.7%10.0%
 25–4440.2%37.9%41.9%
 45–6432.5%34.2%31.2%
 65+18.8%21.3%16.9%
Race/ethnicity‡
 Non-Hispanic white40.8%59.7%26.4%
 Non-Hispanic black24.9%15.9%31.8%
 Non-Hispanic Asian6.9%8.0%6.0%
 Hispanic24.7%13.9%32.9%
 Other2.8%2.6%2.9%
Education
 Less than high school16.0%8.9%21.5%
 High school graduate25.2%22.0%27.6%
 Some college22.3%22.6%22.0%
 College graduate36.5%46.5%28.9%
Income to poverty ratio (%)
 <10018.0%9.9%24.1%
 100–19919.8%14.8%23.6%
 200–39923.8%22.8%24.6%
 400–59917.0%20.7%14.2%
 >60021.4%31.8%13.5%
Nativity
 US-born64.3%68.7%61.0%
 Foreign-born35.7%31.3%39.0%
Marital status
 Married37.2%42.7%33.0%
 Not married62.8%57.3%67.0%
Self-reported health
 Excellent or very good45.6%47.6%40.4%
 Good, fair or poor54.4%52.4%59.6%
Employment
 Employed59.4%62.2%57.2%
 Not employed40.6%37.8%42.8%
  • *Low-poverty Zip codes are defined as Zip codes below the median per cent (17.1%) of the population that is below the poverty level in New York City.

  • †Data available for 44 282 participants.

  • ‡Subject to rounding error.

  • BMI, body mass index.