Table 2

Distribution (%) of respondents and age-standardised rates (%) of ever smokers by sex and educational level in north, central and south Italy

Distribution of subjects (%)
PrimaryLower secondaryUpper secondaryTertiaryTotal
Men
 North30.732.029.97.413 637
 Centre30.530.130.49.06705
 South34.632.025.08.315 052
 Italy32.431.627.98.135 394
Women
 North38.527.927.36.414 416
 Centre41.323.926.68.17039
 South44.725.322.87.215 913
 Italy41.726.025.37.137 368
Age-standardised rates of ever smoking* (%)
PrimaryLower secondaryUpper secondary Tertiary p Value
Men
 North66.362.856.247.60.016
 Centre65.764.260.445.80.099
 South63.263.457.749.70.073
 Italy64.663.457.648.20.051
Woman
 North29.036.837.037.30.194
 Centre29.737.442.041.00.109
 South17.323.230.830.00.070
 Italy23.231.735.734.70.124
  • *The age distribution of the total population at baseline (men and women combined) was used as the reference population.

  • †Test for linear trend.