Table 3

Association between sample characteristics and social capital and emotional support at baseline

Social trustSense of securityPerceived emotional support scale
Mean (SD)Fp ValueMean (SD)Fp Value≤7, N (%)≥8, N (%)χ2 p Value
Maternal characteristics
 Mother's age (years)
  <242.25 (0.79)2.64 0.049 2.89 (0.61)0.880.457 (7.3)17 (6.9)1.770.62
  25–292.39 (0.93) 2.93 (0.68) 26 (27.1)76 (30.7)
  30–342.60 (0.78) 3.00 (0.69) 41 (42.7)113 (45.6)
  35+2.63 (0.78) 2l85 (0.71) 22 (22.9)42 (16.9)
 Working status before or during pregnancy
  House wife2.68 (0.87)8.28 <0.001 3.07 (0.69)6.79 0.001 34 (35.4)103 (41.9)1.340.51
  Part-time working2.64 (0.66) 3.01 (0.62) 20 (20.8)50 (20.3)
  Full-time working2.31 (0.84) 2.78 (0.69) 42 (43.8)93 (37.8)
 Current working status
  Working2.88 (0.83)1.460.233.25 (0.46)1.610.213 (3.1)5 (2.0)0.370.54
  Not working2.51 (0.83) 2.94 (0.69) 94 (96.9)245 (98.0)
Child's characteristics
 Sex
  Girl2.57 (0.79)0.890.342.98 (0.66)0.740.3942 (43.3)113 (45.2)0.100.75
  Boy2.48 (0.87) 2.92 (0.70) 55 (56.7)137 (54.8)
 Infant's age at first survey (week)
  <42.68 (0.76)1.610.203.09 (0.61)2.580.07714 (14.4)42 (16.8)0.330.85
  4 to <82.51 (0.87) 2.95 (0.69) 64 (66.0)158 (63.2)
  8+2.42 (0.76) 2.81 (0.71) 19 (19.6)50 (20.0)
 Infant's age at second survey (week)
  <162.54 (0.94)0.510.603.04 (0.65)1.420.2426 (27.1)53 (21.4)1.760.42
  16 to <202.50 (0.78) 2.90 (0.68) 61 (63.5)163 (65.7)
  20+2.64 (0.91) 3.02 (0.75) 9 (9.4)32 (12.9)
 Preterm birth
  <372.11 (0.78)2.260.132.89 (0.60)0.070.801 (1.0)8 (3.2)1.300.25
  37+2.53 (0.83) 2.95 (0.69) 96 (99.0)242 (96.8)
 Low birth weight
  <25002.36 (0.83)1.200.282.86 (0.76)0.520.479 (9.3)19 (7.6)0.270.61
  2500+2.54 (0.83) 2.95 (0.68) 88 (90.7)231 (92.4)
Family characteristics
 Number of children
  12.31 (0.82)10.6 <0.001 2.83 (0.60)5.46 0.005 47 (49.0)114 (46.0)0.260.88
  22.67 (0.82) 3.00 (0.74) 37 (38.5)100 (40.3)
  3+2.79 (0.81) 3.17 (0.73) 12 (12.5)34 (13.7)
 Type of house
  Detached house2.70 (0.79)15.9 <0.001 3.05 (0.72)8.49 0.004 42 (44.2)120 (48.4)0.480.49
  Apartment/condominium building2.35 (0.85) 2.84 (0.64) 53 (55.8)128 (51.6)
 Location
  I city2.49 (0.84)0.740.392.96 (0.67)0.230.6450 (51.6)133 (53.2)0.080.78
  K city2.56 (0.83) 2.93 (0.70) 47 (48.5)117 (46.8)
 Length of living in the current city (year)
  <102.45 (0.83)1.520.222.95 (0.68)0.180.8470 (72.9)166 (67.2)3.520.17
  10 to <202.43 (0.93) 2.86 (0.79) 8 (8.3)13 (5.3)
  20+2.65 (0.83) 2.94 (0.68) 18 (18.8)68 (27.5)
 Living with grandmother, grandfather or relatives
  Yes2.54 (0.75)0.030.872.93 (0.70)0.080.7817 (17.5)46 (18.4)0.040.85
  No2.52 (0.85) 2.95 (0.68) 80 (82.5)204 (81.6)
 Subjective economic status
  Stable2.79 (0.79)5.07 0.002 3.13 (0.67)4.40 0.005 18 (18.8)79 (31.9)6.220.10
  Fairly stable2.44 (0.82) 2.91 (0.64) 54 (56.3)117 (47.2)
  Barely maintaining2.39 (0.82) 2.77 (0.74) 16 (16.7)38 (15.3)
  Struggling2.27 (0.94) 2.77 (0.81) 8 (8.3)14 (5.7)
  • Values in bold are significant at the p=0.05 level.