Table 1

Characteristics of sample (N=347)

Received no home visit (N=89, 26%)Received home-visit service for newborn* only (N=65, 19%)Received home-visit project for all infants only (N=149, 43%)Received both home-visit projects (N=44, 13%)p Value
N%N%N%N%
Maternal characteristics
 Mother's age (years)
  <2477.969.274.736.8 0.016
  25–292932.63046.23221.51431.8
  30–343640.52132.37852.41738.6
  35+1618.069.23221.51022.7
  Missing11.123.100.000.0
 Working status before or during pregnancy
  House wife3741.62640.05838.91329.60.73
  Part-time working1618.01320.03020.11329.6
  Full-time working3539.32233.96140.91840.9
  Missing11.146.200.000.0
 Current working status
  Working22.311.553.400.00.59
  Not working8797.86498.514496.644100.0
Child's characteristics
 Sex
  Girl4955.12538.56443.01943.20.17
  Boy4044.94061.58557.02556.8
 Infant's age at first survey (week)
  <41213.5812.32818.8920.50.27
  4 to <85359.64467.710067.12761.4
  8+2427.01320.02114.1818.2
 Infant's age at second survey (week)
  <162629.21523.12919.5613.60.12
  16 to <205662.94467.79664.43272.7
  20+55.669.22416.1613.6
  Missing22.300.000.000.0
 Preterm birth
  <3711.111.553.724.60.56
  37+8898.96498.514496.64295.5
 Low birth weight
  <250077.946.2117.4613.60.52
  2500+8292.16193.913892.63886.4
Family characteristics
 Number of children
  14348.33756.95536.92761.4 0.031
  23337.12132.36946.31329.6
  3+1213.557.72516.849.1
  Missing11.123.100.000.0
 Type of house
  Detached house3741.626408657.71840.9 0.026
  Apartment/condominium building5157.33756.96241.62659.1
  Missing11.123.110.700.0
 Location
  I city5662.95178.56342.31125.0 <0.001
  K city3337.11421.58657.73375.0
 Length of living in the current city (year)
  <106370.84670.89765.13272.30.75
  10 to <2066.723.1106.736.8
  20+1820.21523.14228.2920.5
  Missing22.323.100.000.0
 Living with grandmother, grandfather or relatives
  Yes1516.91116.93020.11022.70.81
  No7483.15483.111979.93477.3
 Subjective economic status
  Stable1820.21421.54932.91431.80.17
  Fairly stable5157.33655.467452045.5
  Barely maintaining1516.969.22214.8920.5
  Struggling44.5710.8117.412.3
  Missing11.123.100.000.0
  • Values in bold are significant (p) at the 0.05 level.

  • * Home-visit service for newborns targets mothers in need of help at 1–2 months of age, visited by public health nurses or midwives.

  • Home-visit project for all infants targets all infants until 4 month of age, visited by trained community staff.

  • Mothers who received both home-visit service for newborns and home-visit project for all infants.