Table 3

Hazard of dying for those providing care in 2001 relative to those providing no care

 MenWomen
Light careHeavy careLight careHeavy care
HR95% CIHR95% CIHR95% CIHR95% CI
Age-adjusted0.74(0.68 to 0.81)1.12(1.02 to 1.25)0.65(0.58 to 0.72)0.97(0.86 to 1.08)
Age/SE-adjusted0.81(0.74 to 0.88)0.93(0.84 to 1.03)0.72(0.65 to 0.81)0.82(0.73 to 0.92)
Fully adjusted0.81(0.75 to 0.89)0.87(0.79 to 0.97)0.74(0.66 to 0.83)0.80(0.71 to 0.89)
1+ co-residents with ‘not good’ health0.82(0.68 to 0.99)0.94(0.82 to 1.08)0.75(0.58 to 0.96)0.89(0.75 to 1.04)
1+ co-residents with LLTI0.85(0.74 to 0.97)0.90(0.81 to 1.01)0.71(0.59 to 0.85)0.84(0.74 to 0.96)
  • Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS) Longitudinal Study of England and Wales.

  • The age model adjusts for grouped age. The age-adjusted/SE-adjusted model adjusts for grouped age, marital status, housing tenure, economic activity, ethnicity, highest educational qualification and ward-level deprivation quintile. The fully adjusted models adjust for grouped age, limiting long-term illness (LLTI), self-reported health, marital status, housing tenure, economic activity, ethnicity, highest educational qualification and ward-level deprivation quintile. For the main sample, N=89 926 (women) and 88 442 (men). For the samples with more than one co-resident with health that is ‘not good’, N=10 837 (women) and 10 775 (men). For the samples with more than one co-resident with an LLTI, N=21 794 (women) and 20 149 (men).