Table 2

Associations of socio-demographic factors with worsening in frailty state

Study population (N=14 424)Worsening
N (%)OR (95% CI)
Sex
 Men6582 (45.6)1.00
 Women7843 (54.4)1.26* (1.16 to 1.38)
Age (years)
 55–593447 (23.9)1.00
 60–643114 (21.6)1.06 (0.93 to 1.21)
 65–692765 (19.2)1.40* (1.23 to 1.60)
 70–742158 (15.0)1.80* (1.56 to 2.07)
 75–791597 (11.1)2.86* (2.44 to 3.34)
 80+1343 (9.3)3.55* (2.97 to 4.25)
Marital status
 Married/registered partnership10 370 (71.9)1.00
 Never-married716 (5.0)1.14 (0.93 to 1.38)
 Divorced811 (5.6)0.97 (0.80 to 1.18)
 Widowed2527 (17.5)1.03 (0.91 to 1.16)
 Unknown0 (0.0)
Level of education
 Higher5790 (40.1)1.00
 Lower8564 (59.4)1.40* (1.28 to 1.54)
 Unknown70 (0.5)NA
  • *p<0.001.

  • Mutually adjusted for each factor and for baseline frailty state.