Table 2

All-cause mortality (RR) by educational group for men and women in three European countries, and scenario RRs (with percentage reduction of inequality as compared to the original RRs) based on the assumption that the prevalence of physical activity, alcohol consumption, smoking and BMI (both separately and combined) would be distributed as in the highest educational group

Educational level originalRR scenarioRRPhysical activity scenarioRRAlcohol scenarioRRSmoking scenarioRRBMI scenarioRRall factors combined
LowMiddleLow% RedMiddle% RedLow% RedMiddle% RedLow% RedMiddle% RedLow% RedMiddle% RedLow% RedMiddle% Red
Men
 Belgium1.511.201.4871.2021.5111.2021.45131.17141.4861.1981.36291.1622
 Czech Rep2.491.362.4531.3622.4811.3622.24171.30172.4251.3532.11261.2823
 Norway1.501.221.42171.18181.4931.2221.28441.12451.4691.19141.03941.0864
Women
 Belgium1.371.061.32131.05161.3711.0611.3551.04421.33111.05201.24351.0443
 Czech Rep1.881.231.8271.21101.8711.2311.8191.14391.8181.2181.62291.1728
 Norway1.411.141.33201.11241.4101.1411.35151.11211.3881.13121.17591.0846
  • RR, rate ratio of mortality according to educational attainment; low, primary and lower secondary education compared with tertiary education; middle, higher and post-secondary education compared with tertiary education; scenarioRR, scenario rate ratio.

  • BMI, body mass index.