Table 3

Mortality ratios of all-cause mortality for income quintiles adjusted for age, education, socioeconomic status, economic activity and living alone in 1988–1991, 1996–1999 and 2004–2007, men aged 35–64 years

 Income quintile Model 1: age + income 95% CI Model 2: M1 + EDU + SES Model 3: M2 + ECON Model 4: M3+ ALONE 95% CI Change in excess mortality from M1 to M4, % * 1. Period 1988–1991 1. Quintile (high) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 2. Quintile 1.28 1.22 to 1.35 1.15 1.00 1.04 0.99 to 1.10 −85 3. Quintile 1.51 1.43 to 1.58 1.32 0.99 1.05 0.99 to 1.10 −91 4. Quintile 1.88 1.79 to 1.97 1.64 1.06 1.11 1.05 to 1.17 −87 5. Quintile (low) 2.80 2.68 to 2.93 2.48 1.40 1.32 1.26 to 1.40 −82 2. Period 1996–1999 1. Quintile (high) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 2. Quintile 1.34 1.26 to 1.41 1.15 0.97 1.02 0.97 to 1.08 −93 3. Quintile 1.68 1.59 to 1.77 1.39 0.99 1.05 0.99 to 1.12 −92 4. Quintile 2.17 2.06 to 2.28 1.77 1.12 1.15 1.09 to 1.22 −87 5. Quintile (low) 3.73 3.55 to 3.91 3.15 1.70 1.51 1.43 to 1.60 −81 3. Period 2004–2007 1. Quintile (high) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 2. Quintile 1.32 1.24 to 1.40 1.16 1.03 1.07 1.01 to 1.14 −78 3. Quintile 1.83 1.73 to 1.94 1.56 1.15 1.22 1.15 to 1.29 −74 4. Quintile 2.47 2.34 to 2.61 2.08 1.26 1.29 1.22 to 1.37 −80 5. Quintile (low) 5.16 4.91 to 5.41 4.36 2.02 1.73 1.63 to 1.83 −82
• * Change in excess mortality is calculated as follows: ((RR in M4 − RR in M1))/((RR in M1) − 1)×100.

• ALONE, living alone; ECON, economic activity; EDU, education; SES: occupational social class.