Table 3

Association between cumulative housing stress and mental health by sex

HAS (number of survey waves)Random effects (adjusted for age, years unemployed and long-term health condition)Fixed effects (adjusted for age, years unemployed and long-term health condition)
β (95% CI)p Valuep For trendβ (95% CI)p Valuep For trend
Males
 0Ref<0.001Ref0.024
 1−0.84 (−1.29 to −0.39)<0.001−0.37 (−0.84 to 0.10)0.126
 2−1.12 (−2.01 to −0.24)0.013−0.61 (−1.53 to 0.31)0.192
 3−1.89 (−3.31 to −0.46)0.010−1.18 (−2.64 to 0.29)0.115
 4 or more−2.02 (−3.89 to −0.16)0.034−1.10 (−3.04 to 0.83)0.264
Females
 0Ref<0.001Ref
 1−1.28 (−1.70 to −0.86)<0.001−0.92 (−1.37 to −0.48)<0.0010.101
 2−1.17 (−1.95 to −0.40)0.003−0.49 (−1.30 to 0.32)0.235
 3−1.03 (−2.20 to 0.14)0.0860.13 (−1.08 to 1.34)0.828
 4 or more−0.85 (−2.32 to 0.61)0.2550.33 (−1.20 to 1.87)0.672
  • HAS, housing affordability stress.