Table 1

Summary of analysis of predictors of uptake of exercise referral schemes (ERS)

Predictive factors of ERS
VariablesStudyOverall summary
Multivariate analysisBivariate analysis
Harrison et al25Sowden et al28Gidlow et al24Damush et al21Lord and Green27Dugdill et al23Isaacs et al17Number of studies on this factorAny significant associationNo significant association
Sample sizeN=6610N=6101N=2958N=404N=419N=2696N=317+
Demographic
 Gender (male vs female)0+0+4202
 Increasing age++00+06303
 Deprivation003012
 Rurality (urban vs rural)1010
 Ethnicity (African American vs all other racial groups)01001
Programme factors
 Scheme location*01001
 Clinic location01001
 Referrer (GP vs ‘other’)1010
  • +a positive statistically significant (p<0.05) association between variables and level of uptake (eg, increased age of participants was associated with increased levels of uptake); −, a negative statistically significant (p<0.05) association between variables and level of uptake (eg, increased age of participants was associated with decreased levels of uptake); 0, no statistically significant association between variable and level of uptake.

  • * Six geographical areas of London.

  • Two neighbourhood community health centres located in Indianapolis.