Table 3

ORs for poor/fair self-rated health and prevalence rates by family affluence for material, psychosocial and behavioural factors (N=6997)*

BoysGirls
OR (95% CI)Family affluenceOR (95% CI)Family affluence
LowMediumHighp ValueLowMediumHighp Value
Material factors
 Family structure
  Both parents (ref.)1.0060.571.577.80.0001.0062.370.2786.80.000
  Single parent family1.66 (1.28 to 2.16)28.317.810.61.76 (1.40 to 2.25)26.815.910.1
  Stepfamily1.48 (1.04 to 2.11)5.87.48.91.82 (1.39 to 2.38)7.711.310.9
 Perceived family wealth
  Very/quite well off (ref.)1.0047.453.671.80.0001.0045.850.767.80.000
  Average/not so/not at all well off1.79 (1.45 to 2.21)50.045.026.71.71 (1.42 to 2.06)53.348.030.8
 (Food) poverty
  Never (ref.)1.0083.084.988.20.0061.0081.685.790.90.000
  Sometimes/often/always1.90 (1.45 to 2.48)15.714.611.02.73 (2.17 to 3.45)17.814.28.9
Psychosocial factors
 Talk to mother
  Easy (ref.)1.0077.077.180.90.0441.0073.578.179.60.018
  Difficult1.77 (1.39 to 2.26)20.719.516.82.52 (2.06 to 3.10)23.718.417.1
 Talk to father
  Easy (ref.)1.0053.464.272.40.0001.0035.547.755.30.000
  Difficult1.76 (1.42 to 2.18)43.534.025.92.25 (1.85 to 2.75)63.150.242.3
 School support (parents)
  High (ref.)1.0030.129.036.00.0001.0028.133.838.20.000
  Middle1.15 (0.85 to 1.54)26.431.029.20.90 (0.77 to 1.28)26.329.231.2
  Low2.10 (1.61 to 2.72)41.438.533.32.07 (1.66 to 2.58)43.935.429.6
 Close female friends
  ≥2 (ref.)1.0047.647.552.70.0101.0089.993.194.90.001
  <20.92 (0.74 to 1.14)47.648.242.01.75 (1.25 to 2.45)8.36.24.3
 Close male friends
  ≥2 (ref.)1.0091.692.994.30.1171.0052.255.754.30.041
  <21.90 (1.30 to 2.77)7.16.04.40.78 (0.64 to 0.94)41.740.442.5
 Going out with friends after school
  ≥2 days (ref.)1.0078.881.483.90.0791.0075.079.081.90.002
  <2 days1.26 (0.96 to 1.66)18.616.213.51.71 (1.34 to 2.13)22.818.115.2
 Talk to best friend
  Easy (ref.)1.0068.374.576.50.0041.0082.086.888.70.002
  Difficult1.14 (0.89 to 1.47)24.921.819.81.78 (1.35 to 2.34)14.710.29.1
 Classmate support
  High (ref.)1.0027.226.628.70.1101.0029.633.333.60.000
  Middle1.53 (1.13 to 2.06)41.642.244.91.43 (1.13 to 1.82)39.939.945.3
  Low2.95 (2.19 to 3.98)29.629.624.92.59 (2.02 to 3.30)28.125.119.8
 Satisfaction with school
  Like it a lot (ref.)1.0078.882.382.60.3611.0082.083.885.90.132
  Don't like it2.50 (1.97 to 3.17)20.917.217.03.09 (2.49 to 3.83)17.615.513.4
 Teaching quality
  High (ref.)1.0025.729.529.80.4401.0025.928.030.10.298
  Middle2.10 (1.55 to 2.85)41.641.340.71.95 (1.48 to 2.58)41.440.340.6
  Low3.40 (2.47 to 4.66)31.428.728.53.28 (2.47 to 4.37)31.430.928.1
 Academic achievement
  Very good/good (ref.)1.0047.944.950.30.0441.0045.249.852.30.079
  Average/below average1.49 (1.20 to 1.84)50.653.748.12.09 (1.72 to 2.54)53.148.546.1
 School-related stress
  Not at all/a little (ref.)1.0073.073.977.40.1021.0072.274.076.90.165
  Some/a lot1.63 (1.30 to 2.04)23.325.121.51.89 (1.56 to 2.30)26.524.921.8
Behavioural factors
 Smoking
  Infrequent/non-smoking (ref.)1.0090.391.492.10.4281.0086.987.591.80.000
  Regular2.57 (1.87 to 3.54)9.78.17.52.67 (2.08 to 3.45)13.112.18.0
 Alcohol consumption
  Less than every week (ref.)1.0089.886.084.40.0191.0092.590.590.90.450
  Daily or at least every week1.69 (1.22 to 2.29)7.19.912.21.93 (1.41 to 2.64)5.77.26.3
 Physical activity
  On 6 or 7 days (ref.)1.0028.028.731.50.0811.0019.119.323.80.006
  <6 days1.23 (0.97 to 1.56)69.669.367.41.40 (1.09 to 1.78)77.978.574.7
 Breakfast consumption
  Daily (ref.)1.0054.764.672.10.0001.0044.957.565.60.000
  Less than daily1.38 (1.11 to 1.71)42.734.226.62.17 (1.80 to 2.62)52.441.333.3
 Fruits consumption
  Daily (ref.)1.0028.327.731.60.1741.0036.640.243.30.023
  Less than daily1.42 (1.12 to 1.81)70.471.367.41.32 (1.09 to 1.60)61.458.755.8
 Vegetable consumption
  Daily (ref.)1.0017.816.719.60.3221.0025.228.430.60.024
  Less than daily1.16 (0.88 to 1.54)80.682.079.21.29 (1.04 to 1.59)72.870.568.6
 Sweets consumption
  Less than daily (ref.)1.0075.773.472.40.7501.0028.326.327.50.083
  Daily0.96 (0.76 to 1.22)23.325.226.31.05 (0.86 to 1.29)69.972.971.9
 Soft drinks consumption
  Less than daily (ref.)1.0071.575.479.20.0081.0026.816.911.90.000
  Daily1.53 (1.21 to 1.92)27.223.219.81.66 (1.33 to 2.07)71.582.387.2
  • Bold=significant ORs (95% CI does not include 1).

  • * Separate logistic regression models for boys and girls, adjusted for age.