Table 3

Potential reduction in deaths by achievement of dietary recommendations by disease and dietary recommendation

Fruit and vegetablesFibreFats (via raised cholesterolFat (via raised BMI)Salt*Total
Coronary heart disease7053366146051544393720 800
Stroke3383–53862324085876
Cancer474153512056481
 Oesophagus24411962637
 Colorectal122122
 Gallbladder88
 Pancreas8181
 Breast2727
 Endometrial3535
 Kidney6666
 Mouth/larynx/pharynx823823
 Stomach17212051377
 Lung13051305
Total15 177366140672702755033 157
  • * The impact of salt on CHD and stroke is mediated by changes in blood pressure. The impact on stomach cancer is direct.