Table 3

Mediating factors according to occupational groups

PercentageMenWomen
Professionals, managersTechnicians, associate professionalsClerical support workersService, sales workersManual workersp ValueProfessionals, managersTechnicians, associate professionalsClerical support workersService, sales workersManual workersp Value
Material factors
 Tenant (household tenure)25.2528.2928.9236.8235.22****27.8328.4230.4438.0234.93****
 High level of housing problems7.249.3610.1013.7918.78****10.7810.5910.3314.3120.73****
 Overcrowding33.3939.1334.3251.0253.61****38.0239.9141.7642.6456.90****
 High material deprivation2.083.081.295.7814.55****5.283.534.777.3717.54****
 Financial problems15.5217.9112.7625.9533.38****22.9521.2021.3427.6039.45****
 High level of neighbourhood problems22.1122.3622.5622.3018.98*28.0426.3122.2420.6223.17****
 Low quality of public services20.3622.1119.7123.1726.89**21.6221.8421.7318.8127.12****
 Low access to medical services12.0915.2717.2620.0821.26****18.9318.9717.5815.1025.18****
Occupational factors
 Economic sectors********
Fishing/agriculture2.892.030.852.4812.492.081.641.880.267.42
 Industry12.1618.3618.6410.1934.996.076.0314.173.5932.55
 Construction10.1010.894.804.9722.081.911.584.760.511.95
 Service74.8568.7275.7182.3630.4489.9590.7479.1895.6458.08
 Temporary contract14.9811.1615.9725.9827.06****13.2416.7917.1225.2227.04****
 More than 48h per week32.5332.9810.4223.3921.38****17.8114.394.229.1012.42****
 Daily commuting time ≥ 60 min25.7523.8928.7223.8526.86NS26.5124.2527.8220.6122.50***
 Dangerous working conditions22.2229.6614.8947.4057.31****18.4719.2512.3328.8835.81****
 High job insecurity9.148.658.1413.8018.48****10.2811.4911.8911.8921.05****
 High psychological demands53.9452.4544.6744.7745.08****49.8548.1638.3235.2038.76****
 Low decision latitude25.8828.6548.1454.7062.49****27.4932.6949.7047.4569.12****
 Low reward21.8431.0932.2748.8657.71****38.4043.5244.8460.3169.40****
 Responsibility for supervising others61.1161.8234.3225.8721.99****46.0340.7520.5520.6212.04****
 Additional paid job12.617.956.907.426.60****9.088.66.346.874.29****
 Psychosocial factors
 Separated or widowed10.158.387.167.879.06****18.4817.9117.0420.4018.87NS
 At least one child67.8469.1354.7965.3565.07****70.4071.1470.8776.2476.81****
 High unpaid work20.2320.3222.4421.2218.10*44.7445.3143.9547.5246.75**
 Work–life imbalance18.8420.6912.7820.8023.11****25.4223.4717.6621.4427.69****
 Low social support11.0711.418.7013.3816.04****9.7710.038.0411.9017.44****
 Low social network26.3525.0427.0525.5829.87*22.5121.0821.7119.0925.00***
 No social participation43.5451.6852.9459.3760.73****45.3746.4257.2157.0960.76****
 Not confident (trust level)22.3223.9819.2931.2333.45****22.6524.9224.9227.3633.25****
 Social exclusion12.5217.3118.8023.9931.37****13.4117.1221.2322.7231.11****
  • χ2 test: *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001; ****p<0.0001.

  • χ2 test was performed on variables as described in table 2.