Table 2

Adiposity and blood pressure profile (mean (SD)) by childhood socio-economic position, age and gender

Father's social class
Risk factor by ageNI and IIIII non-manualIII manualIV and Vp Value for trend across socio-economic position groups*
Men
 BMI (kg/m2)
 36 years150824.2 (2.9)24.4 (3.4)25.2 (3.3)25.2 (3.2)<0.001
 43 years148525.3 (3.1)25.3 (3.6)26.2 (3.6)26.0 (3.5)<0.001
 53 years133926.7 (3.7)27.0 (4.2)28.0 (4.2)27.6 (3.8)<0.001
 Waist circumference (cm)
 36 years151888.3 (8.7)88.8 (9.9)90.7 (9.6)90.3 (9.3)<0.001
 43 years147790.8 (9.0)91.5 (10.2)92.9 (10.2)92.4 (9.8)0.003
 53 years134196.5 (10.3)97.2 (10.7)99.2 (11.2)97.6 (10.8)0.045
 Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)
 36 years1515121.3 (13.7)121.9 (15.1)124.3 (15.1)123.8 (16.3)0.005
 43 years1465122.5 (14.5)125.1 (17.3)127.0 (15.8)126.2 (16.1)<0.001
 53 years1339136.6 (19.6)139.8 (19.6)144.2 (20.5)143.6 (21.7)<0.001
 Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)
 36 years151377.3 (12.0)78.0 (11.6)79.3 (13.1)79.0 (13.5)0.037
 43 years146580.0 (11.2)81.4 (12.2)83.6 (12.5)83.0 (12.3)0.001
 53 years133985.7 (12.4)86.7 (11.8)89.5 (12.9)89.0 (12.6)0.001
Women
 BMI (kg/m2)
 36 years151522.9 (3.5)22.3 (3.2)24.1 (4.2)24.5 (4.7)0.001
 43 years146924.3 (3.8)23.9 (3.9)25.7 (5.0)26.3 (5.7)0.001
 53 years136526.7 (4.8)26.0 (4.5)28.0 (5.7)28.6 (6.3)0.001
 Waist circumference (cm)
 36 years152475.4 (9.9)74.4 (9.9)78.2 (12.2)79.2 (12.9)0.001
 43 years147475.8 (9.1)75.6 (9.3)79.1 (11.3)80.5 (13.2)0.001
 53 years137484.0 (11.5)83.1 (10.7)86.5 (13.3)88.8 (14.5)0.001
 Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)
 36 years1516116.0 (14.5)117.7 (15.2)118.8 (15.7)118.0 (16.3)0.048
 43 years1455118.7 (15.5)122.2 (14.6)123.2 (17.4)122.7 (17.9)<0.001
 53 years1347130.2 (20.2)134.2 (19.5)135.9 (20.8)134.0 (21.8)<0.001
 Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)
 36 years151574.3 (11.5)75.8 (12.6)76.0 (12.1)75.3 (12.6)0.248
 43 years145575.8 (12.2)77.8 (11.7)77.6 (12.3)77.8 (13.8)0.048
 53 years134781.4 (13.5)82.2 (11.0)83.7 (11.9)82.2 (11.5)0.013
  • * Linear trend across the four childhood socio-economic position groups estimated by least-squares regression.