Table 2

Prevalence of self-reported health according to age, occupation, and mediating factors

Men (N=6038)Women (N=6383)
NPercentagePercentage poor healthNPercentagePercentage poor health
Self-reported health
 Good488781.14489676.91
 Poor113618.86147023.09
Age group********
 18;29127021.0311.45136921.4513.54
 30;39169328.0413.27189729.7217.49
 40;49164327.2121.86172727.0626.57
 50 or more143223.7228.58139021.7835.84
Socio-economic status (SES)—occupation********
 Managers, professionals60310.0614.8167510.6920.72
 Technicians and associate professionals196432.7716.36184329.1919.99
 Clerical support workers4106.8413.27103316.3619.92
 Service and sales workers90015.0218.04126920.1021.98
 Manual workers211635.3123.87149323.6530.94
Psychosocial factors
 Marital status********
 Married or living with partner412869.0520.44405864.0622.55
 Never married and not living with partner133522.3312.25110117.3816.92
 Separated or widowed5158.6123.69117618.5630.66
 No of children********
 No child203134.1413.43167526.5717.10
 At least one child391865.8621.77462873.4325.21
 Unpaid workNS****
 Q1210634.8817.55100015.6719.52
 Q2169728.1119.98161925.3622.89
 Q3104217.2620.6283613.1029.46
 Q4 (high)119319.7618.07292845.8722.60
 Work–life imbalance********
 Q1143925.1615.03126520.7515.43
 Q2149026.0514.31158526.0018.29
 Q3160428.0420.04182629.9524.53
 Q4 (high)118720.7527.48142023.2932.65
 Social support********
 High490786.8617.19530488.1519.94
 Low74213.1426.2271311.8542.08
 Social networkNS*
 Q1106018.0618.21145623.3421.43
 Q2186331.7418.84201932.3722.09
 Q3136323.2217.90139422.3522.74
 Q4 (low)158426.9820.52136821.9326.54
 Social participation**
 More than one activity32948.0314.924677.4319.27
 One activity218136.6419.93245539.0422.39
 None47855.3318.81336653.5324.18
 Trust level********
 Confident381772.3116.41405473.0520.40
 Not confident/careful146227.6923.07149626.9527.56
 Social exclusion********
 Q1161528.7812.01171529.2513.00
 Q2143625.5917.55155426.5119.18
 Q3128222.8419.50132122.5325.89
 Q4 (high)127922.7926.82127321.7136.06
Material factors
 Housing conditions********
 0 problem383264.2215.50387461.4219.44
 1 problem135122.6421.76156824.8624.74
 2 problems or more78413.1429.5986513.7136.18
 Crowding*******
 <1325355.0317.09347155.3920.66
 ≥1265844.9721.14279644.6125.89
 Material deprivation********
 No deprivation335059.7113.52312253.2214.07
 1–2 deprivations107819.2220.48124321.1924.32
 3–5 deprivations77913.8929.29103517.6433.24
 6 deprivations or more4037.1832.754667.9448.37
 Financial problems********
 No441776.0115.96448173.1018.34
 Yes139423.9928.60164926.9035.85
 Neighbourhood problems*******
 Q1188032.2015.70180829.4617.41
 Q2115019.7019.60115818.8720.35
 Q3158027.0620.70170527.7824.87
 Q4 (high)122921.0520.26146623.8929.07
 Quality of public services********
 Q1133627.1214.69141727.9516.58
 Q2119424.2316.67117523.1821.08
 Q3124225.2120.18135026.6326.21
 Q4 (low)115523.4423.28112822.2529.47
 Access to medical services********
 Q1235847.2614.86229041.6717.13
 Q271014.2320.1486115.6721.74
 Q3103620.7725.29128423.3728.81
 Q4 (low)88517.7428.68106019.2933.59
Occupational factors
 Economic activity********
Fishing/agriculture3075.8726.061572.7929.49
 Industry118622.6622.0372712.9329.70
 Construction71113.5818.481111.9718.02
 Service303057.8917.23462882.3022.07
 No of hours per week******
 Less than 32 h4147.1223.49142022.9021.51
 32–48390367.1117.56406365.5322.67
 More than 48 h149925.7720.7671711.5628.67
 Daily commuting time***
 Less than 60 min405874.6021.35438476.0825.40
 60 min or more138225.4017.84137823.9221.83
 Dangerous working conditions********
 No353559.7015.33474276.2020.69
 Yes238640.3023.90148123.8030.56
 Job insecurity********
 Low496387.2117.42515686.3521.13
 High72812.7925.7681513.6535.02
 Psychological demands******
 Low305251.6817.49359058.0220.79
 High285448.3220.04259841.9826.00
 Decision latitude at work******
 High322354.5517.03332953.6820.43
 Low268545.4520.60287246.3225.94
 Reward********
 High337157.6414.70291747.4517.11
 Low247742.3624.34323052.5528.22
 Responsibility for supervising othersNS**
 No354759.5719.04459172.8724.01
 Yes240740.4318.68170927.1320.87
  • χ2 test: *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001; ****p<0.0001.

  • Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4: quartiles of scores in the whole sample.

  • Other variables (household tenure, work contract and additional paid job) were not significantly associated with self-reported health.