Table 3

Childhood socio-economic position inequalities (Slope Index of Inequality, SII (95% CI)) in adiposity and blood pressure by age and gender

NMenNWomenp Value for gender difference*
BMI (kg/m2)
 36 years15081.37 (0.72 to 2.03)15152.52 (1.86 to 3.18)0.016
 43 years14851.35 (0.58 to 2.10)14693.10 (2.34 to 3.87)0.001
 53 years13391.32 (0.41 to 2.23)13653.12 (2.21 to 4.03)0.006
 Age trendp=0.489p=0.0320.045
Waist circumference (cm)
 36 years15183.02 (1.13 to 4.90)15246.18 (4.29 to 8.07)0.020
 43 years14772.61 (0.69 to 4.53)14747.13 (5.21 to 9.04)0.001
 53 years13411.90 (–0.36 to 4.15)13747.20 (4.96 to 9.45)0.001
 Age trendp=0.146p=0.2720.071
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)
 36 years15153.73 (0.98 to 6.47)15162.62 (–0.14 to 5.38)0.578
 43 years14654.95 (1.96 to 7.94)14554.77 (1.79 to 7.63)0.935
 53 years13399.71 (5.77 to 13.6)13474.79 (0.82 to 8.76)0.085
 Age trendp=0.005p=0.5330.124
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)
 36 years15132.32 (0.09 to 4.55)15151.13 (−1.12 to 3.37)0.461
 43 years14654.21 (1.94 to 6.48)14552.17 (−0.10 to 4.43)0.211
 53 years13394.92 (2.58 to 7.26)13471.30 (−1.06 to 3.65)0.033
 Age trendp=0.085p=0.9210.198
  • * Estimated in least-squares regression with the interaction term ridit score×sex. Tests are done separately at each age.

  • Estimated using mixed models (the model includes the interaction terms ridit score×age, ridit score×sex and ridit score×age×sex).