Table 2

Increase in HR (95% CI) for all-cause, all cardiovascular, IHD and stroke mortality in original cohort associated with 1 SD increase in childhood stature (with robust standard errors)

Original cohort with complete data on explanatory factors
N (yes/no)Age and sex adjustedAdditional adjustments*
HR95% CIp ValueHR95% CIp Value
All-cause
 Foot length750/12261.010.94 to 1.090.781.030.95 to 1.110.50
 Shoulder breadth794/13381.030.95 to 1.110.511.040.97 to 1.130.27
 Height875/15250.980.90 to 1.050.541.010.93 to 1.090.88
 Trunk832/13741.000.93 to 1.080.911.020.94 to 1.100.67
 Leg length832/13740.970.90 to 1.050.451.000.92 to 1.090.92
All CVD
 Foot length369/16070.970.87 to 1.080.600.980.88 to 1.100.76
 Shoulder breadth398/17340.970.87 to 1.070.520.980.88 to 1.090.70
 Height434/19660.930.83 to 1.030.170.950.85 to 1.060.37
 Trunk415/17910.980.89 to 1.080.690.990.89 to 1.100.82
 Leg length415/17910.910.82 to 1.020.100.940.84 to 1.050.29
IHD
 Foot length220/17560.980.85 to 1.130.800.990.86 to 1.130.84
 Shoulder breadth241/18910.960.84 to 1.110.600.960.84 to 1.100.57
 Height265/21350.920.80 to 1.060.250.920.80 to 1.070.28
 Trunk250/19561.000.88 to 1.140.981.010.88 to 1.150.92
 Leg length250/19560.900.78 to 1.030.130.900.78 to 1.040.15
Stroke
 Foot length75/19010.880.70 to 1.120.310.900.71 to 1.130.35
 Shoulder breadth77/20550.980.80 to 1.220.891.010.82 to 1.260.90
 Height83/23170.880.68 to 1.140.330.920.72 to 1.180.51
 Trunk81/21250.920.73 to 1.160.490.930.73 to 1.180.54
 Leg length81/21250.870.67 to 1.130.310.920.72 to 1.190.54
  • * Additionally adjusted for childhood socioeconomic position, household income, household food expenditure and breastfeeding status, and for adult socioeconomic position.

  • IHD, ischaemic heart disease.