Table 1

Summary findings from three example comparative studies of socioeconomic inequalities in self-reported health (bad/poor vs fair/good/very good) by welfare state regime

StudyMeasure of inequalitySummary of results*
MenWomen
Absolute prevalence rate differenceRelative prevalence, OR (95% CI)Absolute prevalence rate differenceRelative prevalence, OR (95% CI)
Eikemo et al12Education—average education versus 1SD below averageBismarckian6.41.19 (1.14 to 1.24)5.71.25 (1.20 to 1.30)
Anglo-Saxon9.61.35 (1.23 to 1.48)8.21.29 (1.18 to 1.41)
Scandinavian10.51.44 (1.35 to 1.53)12.11.54 (1.44 to 1.64)
Southern14.81.57 (1.47 to 1.69)17.31.69 (1.58 to 1.81)
Eikemo et al10Income—top versus bottom income tertilesBismarckian9.81.68 (1.50 to 1.89)11.61.81 (1.62 to 2.03)
Southern10.91.79 (1.46 to 2.19)14.82.14 (1.77 to 2.57)
Scandinavian13.01.97 (1.70 to 2.27)15.82.14 (1.84 to 2.49)
Anglo-Saxon17.42.86 (2.12 to 3.70)17.42.73 (2.17 to 3.44)
Espelt et al11Social class (education aspects = secondary or more vs less than secondary)Christian Democratic11.21.24 (1.12 to 1.37)12.71.31 (1.19 to 1.45)
Social Democratic13.31.43 (1.26 to 1.63)13.71.36 (1.21 to 1.52)
Late Democracies18.91.87 (1.45 to 2.42)24.21.75 (1.39 to 2.21)
  • * Age-standardised differences between the top and bottom socioeconomic groups in each analysis.