Table 3

Crude and adjusted odds ratios of the association between maternal experience of IPV and U2 mortality*

Maternal exposure to IPV (baseline=no IPV)EgyptHondurasKenyaMalawiRwanda
Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Any experience of IPV1.10 (0.80 to 1.51)1.00 (0.72 to 1.40)1.17 (0.93 to 1.48)1.24 (0.98 to 1.57)1.50 (1.24 to 1.81)1.42 (1.18 to 1.71)1.08 (0.94 to 1.23)1.12 (0.98 to 1.28)0.92 (0.76 to 1.11)0.91 (0.77 to 1.09)
Type of IPV
 Physical only1.10 (0.77 to 1.55)1.02 (0.71 to 1.46)1.09 (0.82 to 1.45)1.19 (0.90 to 1.59)1.51 (1.20 to 1.89)1.46 (1.17 to 1.83)1.01 (0.84 to 1.21)1.05 (0.88 to 1.26)0.92 (0.76 to 1.11)0.92 (0.76 to 1.12)
 Sexual only0.96 (0.35 to 2.63)0.93 (0.34 to 2.53)1.09 (0.64 to 1.86)0.99 (0.58 to 1.71)1.20 (0.93 to 1.56)1.25 (0.99 to 1.58)1.06 (0.65 to 1.73)1.03 (0.66 to 1.60)
 Physical and sexual1.26 (0.71 to 2.22)1.05 (0.58 to 1.88)1.44 (0.99 to 2.10)1.44 (1.00 to 2.08)1.60 (1.26 to 2.03)1.44 (1.14 to 1.82)1.10 (0.87 to 1.41)1.15 (0.91 to 1.44)0.89 (0.64 to 1.23)0.88 (0.66 to 1.19)
  • * Adjusted ORs control for maternal age, education, number of children, household wealth ranking, and place of residence.

  • Sample size for sexual violence was too small to generate reliable odds.

  • IPV, intimate partner violence; U2, under 2 years of age.