Table 3

Multivariate ANCOVA model for the effect on school absence of specified factors

Contributing factorEffect ratio*CIp Value
Intervention group0.790.66 to 0.960.02
Parental asthma0.890.73 to 1.080.25
Sex (male)0.980.80 to 1.190.82
Māori ethnicity1.050.85 to 1.290.66
Pacific Island ethnicity1.241.00 to 1.550.05
Full primary school1.190.93 to 1.510.16
Intermediate school1.110.84 to 1.450.46
Secondary school1.100.82 to 1.470.53
Low income (<$38 000)1.391.12 to 1.720.003
Smoking inside1.291.04 to 1.590.02
  • ANCOVA, analysis of covariance.

  • Ethnicity was referenced against New Zealand European or Other. The level of schooling was referenced against contributing schools (5–10 years). Parental asthma was considered to exist if either parent had ever been diagnosed with asthma. Smoking inside was considered to exist if any level of smoking inside was reported.

  • * The effect ratio is the average number of days absent for those having the specified factor divided by the average number of days absent for those not having the factor after controlling for all other specified factors. Null deviance: 3107.7 on 251 df. Residual deviance: 2123.9 on 240 df. Dispersion factor=9.617085.