Table 2

Association between postpartum depression and psychosocial and personal factors among mothers and fathers

MothersFathers
%p ValueModel 1Model 2%p ValueModel 1Model 2
OR95% CIp ValueOR95% CIp ValueOR95% CIp ValueOR95% CIp Value
Marital satisfaction
 High6.0112.711
 Low14.7<0.0011.91(1.07 to 3.41)0.0301.81(1.00 to 3.27)0.0508.8<0.0012.45(1.15 to 5.19)0.0202.23(1.05 to 4.75)0.037
Affective social support
 High7.8114.011
 Low17.8<0.0010.92(0.46 to 1.86)0.8160.90(0.44 to 1.85)0.78110.3<0.0011.64(0.74 to 3.63)0.2241.23(0.53 to 2.83)0.631
Confidant social support
 High7.4114.411
 Low22.5<0.0011.81(0.87 to 3.74)0.1111.68(0.80 to 3.53)0.17310.9<0.0011.11(0.49 to 2.56)0.7981.04(0.43 to 2.52)0.931
Partner's depression
 No8.4114.411
 Yes27.8<0.0014.18(1.95 to 8.96)<0.0013.40(1.78 to 8.53)<0.00116.3<0.0013.09(1.43 to 6.66)0.0043.61(1.57 to 8.26)0.002
History of depression
 No7.5115.411
 Yes18.5<0.0011.87(1.02 to 3.42)0.0401.72(0.94 to 3.14)0.0798.20.3201.56(0.59 to 4.06)0.3641.09(0.39 to 3.61)0.875
Negative life events
 No7.4114.811
 Yes18.3<0.0012.10(1.20 to 3.68)0.0092.12(1.20 to 3.74)0.0096.80.2031.09(0.56 to 2.10)0.8040.86(0.43 to 1.73)0.671
Time of data collection
 3 months post partum1111
 12 months post partum0.65(0.39 to 1.08)0.0960.61(0.36 to 1.05)0.0741.08(0.60 to 1.94)0.7931.36(0.69 to 2.76)0.369
Baseline depression
 No7.013.91
 Yes32.7<0.0012.05(1.06 to 3.96)0.03233.3<0.00121.14(9.90 to 45.16)<0.001