Table 4

Mutually adjusted odds ratios for overall suboptimal self-rated health in 1993–2006 before and after retirement by sickness absence diagnosis 1990–1992*

Sickness-absence diagnosis 1990–1992Suboptimal health in the years before retirementSuboptimal health in the years after retirement
OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)
Cancer1.35(1.13 to 1.61)1.21(0.96 to 1.52)
Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases1.88(1.46 to 2.42)1.53(1.07 to 2.18)
Mental disorders1.57(1.40 to 1.73)1.28(1.11 to 1.47)
Diseases of nervous system1.87(1.29 to 2.69)1.64(1.02 to 2.65)
Diseases of sense organs1.33(1.11 to 1.60)1.30(0.99 to 1.71)
Diseases of the gastrointestinal system1.24(1.12 to 1.38)1.21(1.06 to 1.38)
Diseases of the circulatory system1.47(1.29 to 1.68)1.50(1.29 to 1.75)
Diseases of the respiratory system1.13(1.04 to 1.22)1.10(0.99 to 1.21)
Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue1.05(0.80 to 1.37)1.32(0.96 to 1.80)
Diseases of the genitourinary system1.36(1.20 to 1.55)1.32(1.10 to 1.57)
Diseases of musculoskeletal system1.44(1.33 to 1.57)1.27(1.15 to 1.40)
External causes1.19(1.08 to 1.30)1.15(1.02 to 1.28)
Other1.28(1.14 to 1.44)1.13(0.96 to 1.33)
Diagnosis missing1.28(1.21 to 1.36)1.13(1.05 to 1.22)
  • To be included as an absentee in a particular diagnostic category, participants had to have at least one new sick leave for that diagnosis during the 3-year exposure window. The reference group for each diagnostic category is participants with no sickness absence for that specific diagnosis.

  • * Derived from a repeated-measures logistic regression analysis with generalised estimating equations adjusted for sex, age, occupational grade, year, and chronic disease (ischaemic heart disease or stroke, asthma or bronchitis, rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis, cancer and depression) as time-dependent covariates for the year preceding the assessment of the outcome.