Table 3

ORs for overall suboptimal self-rated health in 1993–2006 by sickness absence diagnosis

Suboptimal health in 1993–2006*
Adjusted for year+Age, sex, grade and chronic disease+Mutually adjusted
Diagnosis of sickness absence in 1990–1992No of participants (%)Total no of days (%)OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)OR(95% CI)
Infectious and parasitic diseases183 (1.2)4194 (1.1)1.45(1.16 to 1.81)1.22(0.98 to 1.51)
Cancer354 (2.3)20773 (5.4)1.72(1.46 to 2.02)1.42(1.21 to 1.66)1.28(1.09 to 1.51)
Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases142 (0.9)4945 (1.3)2.38(1.87 to 3.02)1.97(1.56 to 2.48)1.74(1.38 to 2.19)
Mental disorders1008 (6.6)46644 (12.1)2.45(2.24 to 2.68)1.76(1.61 to 1.92)1.47(1.34 to 1.61)
Diseases of nervous system95 (0.6)4257 (1.1)2.70(1.98 to 3.67)2.14(1.57 to 2.92)1.82(1.30 to 2.54)
Diseases of sense organs252 (1.6)6850 (1.8)1.71(1.43 to 2.05)1.52(1.28 to 1.81)1.34(1.13 to 1.60)
Diseases of the gastrointestinal system1147 (7.5)23284 (6.0)1.66(1.51 to 1.82)1.44(1.32 to 1.58)1.23(1.12 to 1.35)
Diseases of the circulatory system643 (4.2)25208 (6.5)1.97(1.75 to 2.22)1.69(1.51 to 1.89)1.50(1.34 to 1.68)
Diseases of the respiratory system2292 (15.0)28071 (7.3)1.59(1.48 to 1.70)1.32(1.24 to 1.41)1.11(1.03 to 1.19)
Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue154 (1.0)2414 (0.6)1.66(1.31 to 2.12)1.35(1.08 to 1.70)1.16(0.92 to 1.46)
Diseases of the genitourinary system615 (4.0)18512 (4.8)1.83(1.63 to 2.07)1.50(1.34 to 1.69)1.34(1.19 to 1.51)
Diseases of musculoskeletal system1922 (12.3)69065 (17.8)1.86(1.73 to 2.00)1.53(1.43 to 1.64)1.36(1.19 to 1.46)
External causes1400 (9.1)55263 (14.3)1.46(1.34 to 1.59)1.29(1.19 to 1.40)1.17(1.08 to 1.27)
Other767 (5.0)11539 (3.0)1.92(1.73 to 2.13)1.51(1.36 to 1.67)1.21(1.09 to 1.35)
Diagnosis missing5354 (34.9)66047 (17.1)1.52(1.44 to 1.61)1.31(1.24 to 1.38)1.22(1.16 to 1.29)
  • To be included as an absentee in a particular diagnostic category, participants had to have at least one new sick leave for that diagnosis during the 3-year exposure window. The reference group for each diagnostic category is participants with no sickness absence for that specific diagnosis. All interactions with sex were non-significant (p>0.05) except for cancer (p<0.0001).

  • * Derived from a repeated-measures logistic regression analysis with generalised estimating equations.