Table 2

Prevalence of hearing problems in the working and non-working populations divided by age and sex

Prevalence of hearing problemsRelationship between age and hearing problems; Kendall's τ-b and p value
No problems, N (row%)Tinnitus, N (row%)Hearing loss, N (row%)Either tinnitus or hearing loss, N (row%)Both tinnitus and hearing loss, N (row%)
Working population6485 (69)2505 (26)1048 (11)2408 (25)565 (6)
Women, working3733 (73)1149 (22)494 (10)1,154 (22)239 (5)0.09, p<0.0001
 ≤40 years1005 (78)236 (18)64 (5)254 (20)22 (2)
 41–50 years1087 (74)323 (22)112 (8)337 (23)48 (3)
 51–60 years1196 (71)409 (24)203 (12)388 (23)110 (7)
 61+ years445 (66)181 (26)115 (17)175 (26)59 (9)
Men, working2752 (64)1356 (31)554 (13)1254 (29)326 (8)0.16, p<0.0001
 ≤40 years828 (74)270 (24)66 (6)265 (24)34 (3)
 41–50 years785 (67)332 (28)112 (10)325 (28)60 (5)
 51–60 years794 (58)497 (36)210 (15)431 (32)137 (10)
 61+ years345 (51)257 (38)166 (25)233 (35)95 (14)
Non-working population1030 (64)484 (30)240 (15)435 (27)138 (9)
Women, non-working724 (72)239 (23)107 (11)233 (23)53 (5)0.13, p<0.0001
 ≤40 years277 (80)61 (18)15 (4)63 (18)6 (2)
 41–50 years54 (70)21 (26)7 (9)18 (23)5 (7)
 51–60 years64 (69)22 (22)11 (12)26 (28)3 (3)
 61+ years329 (67)135 (27)74 (15)126 (26)39 (8)
Men, non-working306 (52)245 (41)133 (22)202 (34)85 (14)0.16, p<0.0001
 ≤40 years52 (73)19 (26)2 (3)18 (25)1 (1)
 41–50 years22 (60)12 (32)4 (11)14 (38)1 (3)
 51–60 years35 (52)29 (42)14 (21)22 (33)10 (15)
 61+ years197 (47)185 (44)113 (27)148 (35)73 (18)
  • To calculate the total percentage of the rows in bold text, the tinnitus column and hearing loss columns should not be included. These two columns (tinnitus and hearing loss) were included in order to allow a more direct comparison with other studies