Table 2 Association between exposure to interparental violence in childhood and five psychosocial maladjustment outcomes in adulthood, SIRS cohort, Paris metropolitan area, 2005
Internalising disordersIntrafamilial conduct disordersAlcohol dependence
DepressionLifetime suicide attemptsIntimate partner violencePerpetrating child maltreatment(n = 3002)
(n = 3011)(n = 3007)(n = 2668)(n = 1935)
aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)
Model 1. Baseline model
Witnessed interparental violence in childhood2.01*** (1.53 to 2.65)2.80*** (1.75 to 4.48)4.67*** (2.93 to 7.45)6.66*** (2.74 to 16.18)2.24*** (1.62 to 3.09)
Model 2. Baseline model + childhood family-level stressors
Witnessed interparental violence in childhood1.57** (1.14 to 2.17)1.29 (0.72 to 2.33)3.55*** (2.00 to 6.33)4.81** (1.68 to 13.79)1.75** (1.19 to 2.57)
Poor mother–child relationship1.45* (1.05 to 2.00)2.04** (1.20 to 3.45)1.85* (1.02 to 3.34)0.80 (0.25 to 2.55)0.91 (0.59 to 1.40)
Poor father–child relationship1.50** (1.13 to 1.98)1.98** (1.19 to 3.30)1.13 (0.65 to 1.97)2.08 (0.74 to 5.88)1.55* (1.11 to 2.16)
Parental separation or divorce0.75 (0.52 to 1.07)0.97 (0.51 to 1.83)0.82 (0.42 to 1.62)0.61 (0.14 to 2.62)0.97 (0.64 to 1.49)
Parental incarceration1.61 (0.59 to 4.41)0.36 (0.02 to 5.86)1.73 (0.36 to 8.22)NA0.23 (0.03 to 2.06)
Parental suicide attempt1.60 (0.80 to 3.21)2.55 (0.96 to 6.78)1.66 (0.56 to 4.88)NA0.93 (0.36 to 2.42)
Parental alcohol abuse0.97 (0.62 to 1.49)1.86 (0.94 to 3.68)0.58 (0.27 to 1.25)0.68 (0.16 to 2.92)1.64 (0.99 to 2.72)
Physical maltreatment in childhood1.38 (0.80 to 2.35)1.51 (0.66 to 3.46)5.62*** (2.79 to 11.31)7.24** (1.75 to 30.06)1.06 (0.50 to 2.23)
Sexual abuse in childhood2.03* (1.11 to 3.74)2.59* (1.03 to 6.49)2.57* (1.07 to 6.16)2.59 (0.55 to 12.22)1.90 (0.81 to 4.46)
Model 3. Baseline model + childhood social-level stressors
Witnessed interparental violence in childhood1.75*** (1.31 to 2.34)2.74*** (1.68 to 4.50)4.25*** (2.60 to 6.97)6.77*** (2.67 to 17.14)2.19*** (1.57 to 3.05)
Family financial problems1.38* (1.03 to 1.86)0.62 (0.33 to 1.18)1.51 (0.87 to 2.61)1.29 (0.41 to 4.08)1.12 (0.76 to 1.66)
Poor parental health status1.05 (0.79 to 1.39)1.27 (0.76 to 2.11)1.08 (0.62 to 1.86)1.76 (0.67 to 4.61)1.12 (0.80 to 1.56)
Housing problems1.28 (0.82 to 2.02)2.51* (1.18 to 5.32)1.34 (0.61 to 2.95)2.28 (0.52 to 10.02)1.35 (0.75 to 2.44)
Parental unemployment1.53* (1.04 to 2.23)0.99 (0.45 to 2.19)1.01 (0.47 to 2.16)0.24 (0.02 to 2.58)0.96 (0.55 to 1.66)
Full model: baseline model + childhood family-level stressors + social-level stressors
Witnessed interparental violence in childhood1.44* (1.03 to 2.00)1.36 (0.75 to 2.48)3.17*** (1.75 to 5.73)4.75** (1.60 to 14.14)1.75** (1.19 to 2.57)
Poor mother–child relationship1.49* (1.08 to 2.06)2.09** (1.23 to 3.56)2.04* (1.13 to 3.70)0.84 (0.26 to 2.71)0.91 (0.59 to 1.40)
Poor father–child relationship1.43* (1.08 to 1.90)2.02** (1.20 to 3.38)1.05 (0.60 to 1.86)1.84 (0.64 to 5.36)1.53* (1.09 to 2.15)
Parental separation or divorce0.71 (0.49 to 1.03)0.99 (0.52 to 1.88)0.74 (0.37 to 1.49)0.62 (0.14 to 2.72)0.96 (0.62 to 1.47)
Parental incarceration1.40 (0.50 to 3.89)0.33 (0.02 to 5.53)1.57 (0.33 to 7.38)NA0.21 (0.02 to 1.96)
Parental suicide attempt1.49 (0.73 to 3.04)2.63 (0.97 to 7.16)1.50 (0.49 to 4.57)NA0.90 (0.34 to 2.37)
Parental alcohol abuse0.98 (0.63 to 1.52)2.02* (1.01 to 4.04)0.64 (0.29 to 1.37)0.76 (0.18 to 3.26)1.66* (1.00 to 2.76)
Physical maltreatment in childhood1.34 (0.77 to 2.34)1.39 (0.60 to 3.18)6.09*** (2.95 to 12.55)8.48** (1.99 to 36.20)1.09 (0.52 to 2.30)
Sexual abuse in childhood2.02* (1.09 to 3.73)2.64* (1.06 to 6.62)2.56* (1.06 to 6.22)3.01 (0.63 to 14.39)1.88 (0.80 to 4.42)
Family financial problems1.32 (0.98–1.80)0.50 (0.25 to 1.01)1.59 (0.89 to 2.85)1.34 (0.40 to 4.55)1.06 (0.70 to 1.59)
Poor parental health status0.97 (0.72 to 1.30)1.09 (0.64 to 1.88)0.91 (0.51 to 1.62)1.51 (0.54 to 4.16)1.04 (0.73 to 1.47)
Housing problems1.23 (0.76 to 1.97)2.17 (0.92 to 5.10)1.19 (0.50 to 2.83)2.74 (0.57 to 13.13)1.09 (0.58 to 2.05)
Parental unemployment1.55* (1.05 to 2.29)0.96 (0.40 to 2.29)1.23 (0.55 to 2.71)0.26 (0.02 to 3.21)1.09 (0.62 to 1.91)
  • Comparison of different multivariate logistic regression models: (1) baseline model (adjusted for age, gender, nationality and SES in adulthood); (2) baseline model adjusted for family-level stressors in childhood; (3) baseline model adjusted for social-level stressors in childhood; and (4) baseline model adjusted for both types of stressors in childhooda.

  • *p Value <0.05; **p value <0.01; ***p value <0.001; NA, not applicable.