Table 2 Percent distribution of the Italian population according to their attitudes towards smoking regulation, in strata of selected characteristics. Italy, 2005–8
StrataBars/cafes and restaurants: observance of the legislationWorkplaces: observance of the legislationGo to bars/cafes and restaurants:
%p Value*%p Value*More frequently (%)Less frequently (%)p Value*†
Total87.676.010.36.7
Sex
    Men88.70.0175.60.6810.48.10.25
    Women86.676.410.15.4
Age group (years)
    <2582.1<0.001‡70.1<0.001‡10.66.20.37‡
    25–4489.176.611.67.2
    45–6489.277.010.07.1
    ⩾6586.177.58.05.6
Level of education
    Low83.9<0.001‡75.00.17‡6.66.3<0.001‡
    Medium87.675.88.56.7
    High88.976.412.86.8
Geographic area
    South79.3<0.00169.0<0.0019.48.8<0.001
    Centre86.771.57.25.6
    North94.283.412.25.5
Smoking status
    Never smokers86.1<0.00176.4<0.00113.64.5<0.001
    Ex-smokers87.873.410.34.2
    Current smokers91.077.02.113.9
  • *p Values were adjusted for sex, age group, level of education, geographic area, smoking status and survey.

  • †Limited to participants reporting they changed their habit of going to bars/cafes and restaurants after the law came into force.

  • ‡p For trend.