Table 2 Factors associated with voluntary human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing within the past 5 years; Spain, 2003
MenWomen
Base (weighted, unweighted)HIV testing (%)Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)Base (weighted, unweighted)HIV testing (%)Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Demographics
Age group (years)
    18–292029, 204010.91.01.01935, 20447.21.01.0
    30–391844, 164916.31.6 (1.3 to 2.0)1.3 (1.0 to 1.7)1786, 18639.51.3 (1.0 to 1.8)1.2 (0.9 to 1.7)
    40–491555, 139511.11.0 (0.8 to 1.3)0.9 (0.7 to 1.3)1557, 17147.21.0 (0.8 to 1.3)1.1 (0.8 to 1.6)
Country of birth
    Spain5033, 474112.01.01.04837, 51917.11.01.0
    Other country384, 34023.72.3 (1.7 to 3.1)1.7 (1.2 to 2.4)439, 42817.92.9 (2.1 to 3.9)2.2 (1.6 to 3.0)
Size of municipality
    ⩽10 000 inhabitants1238, 107710.51.01.01174, 11545.41.01.0
    10 000–500 0003281, 330813.41.3 (1.0 to 1.7)1.1 (0.9 to 1.5)3128, 35827.91.5 (1.1 to 2.0)1.2 (0.8 to 1.7)
    >500 000899, 69913.81.4 (1.0 to 1.9)0.9 (0.6 to 1.3)976, 88511.12.2 (1.5 to 3.1)1.2 (0.8 to 1.2)
Marital status (last 12 months)
    Never married2227, 221912.01.01.01734, 18737.51.01.0
    Married2436, 217711.91.0 (0.8 to 1.2)1.1 (0.8 to 1.4)2726, 29086.40.8 (0.6 to 1.1)0.9 (0.6 to 1.2)
    Previously married212, 20017.81.6 (1.0 to 2.5)1.2 (0.7 to 2.0)329, 357142.0 (1.4 to 2.9)1.4 (0.9 to 2.1)
    Cohabiting515, 46818.01.6 (1.2 to 2.2)1.1 (0.8 to 1.5)469, 46614.72.1 (1.5 to 3.0)1.3 (0.9 to 2.0)
Level of education
    <Secondary2079, 193210.91.01.02071, 22055.51.01.0
    Secondary1812, 175113.21.3 (1.0 to 1.5)1.3 (1.0 to 1.6)1937, 20728.31.6 (1.2 to 2.0)1.3 (1.0 to 1.8)
    University835, 78016.31.6 (1.3 to 2.0)1.7 (1.3 to 2.2)1270, 134411.62.3 (1.7 to 3.0)1.8 (1.4 to 2.5)
Religious belief
    Not religious1681, 153315.01.01.01358, 13529.71.01.0
    Religious, non-practising2617, 248310.90.7 (0.6 to 0.9)0.8 (0.6 to 1.0)2500, 27377.70.8 (0.6 to 1.0)1.0 (0.8 to 1.4)
    Religious, practising489, 49014.81.0 (0.7 to 1.4)1.2 (0.8 to 1.7)833, 9166.10.6 (0.4 to 0.9)1.0 (0.6 to 1.4)
    No response520, 47713.40.7 (0.4 to 1.5)1.0 (0.7 to 1.5)446, 4698.30.8 (0.5 to 1.3)1.1 (0.7 to 1.8)
Risk behaviours
Ever injected drugs
    No5293, 496912.21.01.05241, 55807.81.01.0
    Yes119, 10839.45 (3.0 to 7.4)4 (2.3 to 6.6)35, 3828.24.6 (2.1 to 10.2)3.6 (1.3 to 10.1)
Number of partners (lifetime)
    0–11518, 14456.71.01.03044, 32904.71.01.0
    2–41806, 171210.21.6 (1.2 to 2.1)1.3 (1.0 to 1.8)1664, 1745102.2 (1.7 to 2.9)1.6 (1.2 to 2.1)
    5–9887, 80413.42.2 (1.6 to 3.0)1.7 (1.2 to 2.4)306, 32115.13.6 (2.4 to 5.3)2.0 (1.3 to 3.1)
    ⩾101073, 99724.94.6 (3.5 to 6.1)3.2 (2.3 to 4.5)201, 19128.78.1 (5.6 to 12.0)3.9 (2.4 to 6.1)
    No response135, 12615.62.6 (1.4 to 4.8)2.0 (1.0 to 3.7)54, 638.61.9 (0.7 to 4.9)1.5 (0.6 to 3.9)
New partners (last 12 months)
    04497, 418512.01.01.04840, 51727.41.01.0
    1345, 33910.70.9 (0.6 to 1.3)0.8 (0.5 to 1.1)267, 28114.22.1 (1.4 to 3.1)1.3 (0.9 to 2.1)
    ⩾2416, 40520.21.9 (1.4 to 2.5)0.9 (0.6 to 1.2)125, 12216.12.4 (1.4 to 4.2)0.9 (0.5 to 1.8)
    No response160, 15519.71.8 (1.1 to 2.9)1.1 (0.7 to 1.9)46, 4611.81.7 (0.6 to 5.0)1.0 (0.3 to 3.0)
Reported STI (past 5 years)
    No5034, 471612.81.01.04834, 51257.91.01.0
    Yes94, 8236.74.0 (2.4 to 6.5)2.0 (1.2 to 3.6)102, 10031.35.3 (3.3 to 8.5)3.8 (2.3 to 6.1)
Ever had sex with men*
    No5223, 490612.11.01.0
    Yes196, 17831.23.3 (2.3 to 4.7)1.9 (1.3 to 2.9)
Paid for sex (past 5 years)*
    No4699, 441211.61.01.0
    Yes720, 67220.52.0 (1.6 to 2.5)1.3 (1.0 to 1.8)
  • Crude and logistic regression analysis.

  • Adjusted for all the variables in the table and also for autonomous community (region).

  • *Women were not asked this question.

  • STI, sexually transmitted infection.