Table 1 Percentage of population tested for human immunodeficiency virus and reason for last test, by sex and age group; Spain, 2003
MenWomen
Age 18–29 yearsAge 30–39 yearsAge 40–49 yearsAge 18–29 yearsAge 30–39 yearsAge 40–49 years
%(95% CI)%(95% CI)%(95% CI)%(95% CI)%(95% CI)%(95% CI)
Ever tested
    Any reason32.6(30.3 to 34.8)49.1(46.5 to 51.8)39.6(36.7 to 42.5)30.2(28.0 to 32.3)50.7(48.1 to 53.3)35.0(32.5 to 37.5)
    Blood donation19.1(17.2 to 21.0)24.0(21.6 to 26.3)21.3(18.9 to 23.7)15.5(13.8 to 17.3)12.2(10.5 to 13.9)14.4(12.6 to 16.2)
Tested in past 5 years (excluding blood donation)11.9(10.3 to 13.4)19.1(16.9 to 21.2)12.5(10.6 to 14.5)13.0(11.4 to 14.7)29.1(26.8 to 31.5)11.6(9.9 to 13.2)
Main reason for last test in past 5 years (excluding blood donation)*
    Antenatal screening42.3(35.7 to 48.9)66.8(62.1 to 71.4)31.5(23.9 to 38.3)
    Insurance, mortgage, travel6.1(2.9 to 9.0)13.6(8.9 to 18.0)11.1(5.5 to 16.7)2.3(0.4 to 4.3)0.8(0 to 1.6)5.8(2.2 to 9.2)
    Had sex with unknown partner and no condom use12.9(7.9 to 17.3)10.0(6.2 to 13.5)5.0(1.7 to 8.4)4.7(2.1 to 7.4)2.0(0.7 to 3.3)1.0(0 to 2.3)
    Medical prescription14.5(9.5 to 18.8)16.8(12.0 to 21.3)19.6(13.3 to 26.0)7.7(3.9 to 11.4)9.1(6.5 to 11.7)20.2(14.0 to 25.9)
    My partner asked me to be tested5.9(2.3 to 9.1)2.4(0.3 to 4.4)3.9(1.1 to 6.7)3.9(1.1 to 6.7)0.6(0 to 1.3)0.7(0 to 1.8)
    Other60.6(52.5 to 66.0)57.1(50.1 to 62.8)60.3(52.2 to 68.5)39.1(32.4 to 45.8)20.8(16.9 to 24.8)40.8(33.0 to 47.6)
Voluntary† testing in past 5 years10.9(9.4 to 12.4)16.3(14.3 to 18.3)11.1(9.3 to 12.9)7.2(5.9 to 8.5)9.4(7.9 to 11.0)7.2(5.8 to 8.5)
Base (unweighted, weighted)2071, 2053.11668, 1871.41414, 1574.12064, 1956.41881, 1805.91740, 1577.1
  • *Percentages of respondents who gave each reason.

  • †“Voluntary” includes all reasons except blood donation, antenatal screening and insurance, mortgage or travel.