Table 2

Adverse birth outcomes by neighbourhood income and unemployment/social security benefit quartiles in Amsterdam

Preterm birthsSGA birthsPIHMiscarriage/perinatal death
Income quartiles
Q1 (poorest)6.816.67.71.2
Q36.913.68.51.2
Q25.911.29.10.7
Q4 (richest)5.48.49.20.6
p Values for trend0.0370.0010.0710.015
Unemployment/SSB quartiles
Q1 (lowest)5.89.89.60.5
Q25.811.69.21.1
Q36.712.68.31.1
Q4 (highest)6.715.97.31.1
P-values for trend0.113<0.0010.0050.073
  • SGA, small for gestational age; PIH, pregnancy-induced hypertension