Table 2 Thematic checklist for the appraisal of the reporting, planning and implementation of workplace interventions
ThemeChecklist question for workplace reviews
1. MotivationDoes the study describe why the management decided to subject the employee population to the organisational change?
2. Theory of changeWas the intervention design influenced by a theory of change describing the proposed pathway from implementation to health outcome?
3. Implementation contextDoes the study provide any useful contextual information relevant to the implementation of the intervention (eg political, economic or managerial factors)?
4. ExperienceDoes the study establish whether those implementing the intervention had appropriate experience (eg had the implementers conducted similar interventions before; or, if managers/employees were involved, were they appropriately trained for the new roles)?
5. Planning consultationsIs there a report of consultation/collaboration processes between managers, employees and any other relevant parties during the planning stage?
6. Delivery collaborationsIs there a report of consultation/collaboration processes between managers, employees and any other relevant parties during the delivery stage?
7. Manager supportWere on-site managers/supervisors supportive of the intervention (eg do the authors comment on managers’ views of intervention)?
8. Employee supportWere employees supportive of the intervention (eg do the authors comment on employees’ views of intervention)?
9. ResourcesDoes the study give information about the resources required in implementing the intervention (eg time, money, people, equipment)?
10. Differential effects and population characteristics*Does the study provide information on the characteristics of the people for whom the intervention was beneficial, and the characteristics of those for whom it was harmful or ineffective?
  • *Note that, while consideration of differential effects involves analysis of outcomes, it also provides contextual information on the characteristics of population subgroups. This is of interest when exploring the transferability of research findings and the mechanisms by which some interventions affect different types of people in different ways. Hence, we regard this issue as relevant to explorations of implementation and context (as well as to outcome analysis).