Table 1

Self-reported attitudes and perceptions, overall and stratified by distance to school

CharacteristicAll childrenDistance to school <1 kmDistance to school 1–2 kmDistance to school >2 kmLinear test for trend (p)
% agreeing (n)% complete responses (n)% agreeing (n)% agreeing (n)% agreeing (n)
Attitudinal factors
Its more convenient to take my child to school by car*35.4 (640)89.9 (1809)12.2 (78)26.7 (171)61.1 (391)0.009
I’m usually around to take my child to school*76.7 (1393)90.3 (1817)36.5 (508)25.8 (359)37.8 (526)0.001
Social support factors
My friends encourage me to walk or cycle to school†32.1 (643)99.9 (2011)41.4 (266)31.4 (202)27.2 (175)0.001
My parents encourage me to walk or cycle to school†52.2 (1045)99.5 (2001)47.9 (501)31.8 (332)20.3 (212)0.001
Physical and social environmental factors
Route perceptions
My parents think it’s not safe to walk or cycle to school†20.3 (403)98.8 (1987)22.8 (92)22.3 (90)54.8 (221)0.001
The traffic makes it too dangerous for my child to walk or cycle to school*34.9 (629)89.7 (1804)14.5 (91)21.6 (136)63.9 (402)0.001
There are no safe pavements en route to school*32.9 (595)90.0 (1811)13.9 (83)15.3 (91)70.8 (421)0.001
There are no safe cycle paths en route to school*66.6 (1211)90.3 (1817)32.4 (392)24.7 (299)42.9 (520)0.001
I am worried that something will happen to my child on the way to school*48.3 (877)90.3 (1817)30.0 (263)52.6 (251)41.4 (363)0.001
Neighbourhood perceptions
I’m not allowed to play outside because my parents think it’s not safe†11.3 (227)98.5 (1981)42.3 (96)25.6 (58)32.2 (73)NS
It is safe to walk or play in my neighbourhood during the day†78.3 (1551)98.5 (1981)40.6 (630)26.6 (412)32.8 (509)0.001
It is difficult to walk or play near my house because I don’t feel safe†14.9 (299)98.7 (1986)37.7 (702)26.4 (492)35.8 (667)NS
There are other children near my home for me to go out and play with†78.6 (1581)98.6 (1984)40.4 (638)26.4 (417)72.3 (526)0.001
Neighbourhood sense of community score (score range 7–35)‡24.8 (5.08)91.7 (1845)24.7 (5.01)24.4 (5.12)25.2 (5.11)NS
Neighbourhood walkability score (score range 24–96)‡66.03 (8.77)91.5 (1840)67.1 (8.05)67.1 (8.39)64.2 (9.44)0.001
  • *Parent’s perceptions.

  • †Child’s perceptions.

  • ‡Composite scores of parental perceptions. Mean scores and standard deviations (SD) are reported.

  • NS, not significant (p>0.05).