Table 3

ORs for chronic conditions in jail inmates compared with non-institutionalised adults and prison inmates compared with non-institutionalised adults

ConditionModel 1*Model 2†Model 3‡
Jail inmates OR (95% CI)Prison inmates OR (95% CI)p Value (jails vs prisons)Jail inmates OR (95% CI)Prison inmates OR (95% CI)p Value (jails vs prisons)Prison inmates OR (95% CI)
Cardiovascular risk factors
Hypertension1.69 (1.54 to 1.85)1.63 (1.52 to 1.75)0.5081.19 (1.08 to 1.31)1.17 (1.09 to 1.27)0.8121.12 (1.03 to 1.22)
Diabetes1.43 (1.21 to 1.69)1.47 (1.32 to 1.63)0.7501.06 (0.89 to 1.28)1.12 (0.98 to 1.26)0.6201.06 (0.92 to 1.23)
Body Mass Index
Obese Class I-III (vs normal)0.66 (0.60 to 0.73)1.14 (1.04 to 1.25)<0.0010.45 (0.40 to 0.51)0.80 (0.72 to 0.88)<0.0010.76 (0.68 to 0.84)
Overweight (vs normal)0.88 (0.82 to 0.95)1.35 (1.26 to 1.44)<0.0010.77 (0.71 to 0.84)1.22 (1.12 to 1.32)<0.0011.19 (1.09 to 1.29)
Underweight (vs normal)0.86 (0.65 to 1.14)0.45 (0.32 to 0.59)<0.0010.87 (0.65 to 1.16)0.45 (0.32 to 0.62)<0.0010.42 (0.29 to 0.60)
Cardiovascular disease
Angina1.18 (0.86 to 1.62)1.01 (0.81 to 1.26)0.4021.02 (0.72 to 1.44)1.01 (0.80 to 1.28)0.9680.90 (0.68 to 1.17)
Heart attack/myocardial infarction1.73 (1.31 to 2.30)1.24 (1.02 to 1.50)0.0371.22 (0.89 to 1.67)1.07 (0.86 to 1.32)0.4500.98 (0.77 to 1.24)
Pulmonary disease
Asthma1.67 (1.53 to 1.83)1.56 (1.44 to 1.69)0.1791.41 (1.28 to 1.56)1.34 (1.22 to 1.46)0.3061.31 (1.19 to 1.45)
Musculoskeletal disorders
Arthritis1.93 (1.74 to 2.14)1.87 (1.73 to 2.02)0.5661.65 (1.47 to 1.84)1.66 (1.54 to 1.80)0.8391.49 (1.36 to 1.63)
Cancer
Cancer/malignancy1.06 (0.88 to 1.27)1.03 (0.88 to 1.21)0.8451.19 (0.97 to 1.45)1.22 (1.03 to 1.44)0. 8441.13 (0.94 to 1.35)
Cervical cancer5.09 (3.96 to 6.54)5.63 (4.45 to 7.11)0.4974.16 (3.13 to 5.53)4.82 (3.74 to 6.22)0.3303.94 (2.91 to 5.34)
Liver disease
Hepatitis2.44 (2.12 to 2.82)4.14 (3.68 to 4.66)<0.0012.57 (2.20 to 3.00)4.23 (3.71 to 4.82)<0.0013.26 (2.82 to 3.77)
  • *Model 1 is adjusted for age and sex. †Model 2 is adjusted for age, sex, race, education, USA as birthplace, marital status, work, and alcohol consumption. ‡Model 3 is adjusted for age, sex, race, education, USA as birthplace, marital status, alcohol consumption, work and smoking.